Felix Romuliana represents the residence of a roman imperator Gay Galeri Valeri Maxima. The palace had been given the name after his mother- Romulae, a pagan who fled into this area and got married to a local citizen. He served in the army of the tsar Diocletian in which had made a splendid career and had reached a prominent position. He died in 311 in Bulgaria, near Sophia. He was buried next to his mother who had died in 305. He has been remembered up to these days as a great persecutor of Christians.
When Romuliana had been discovered 60km from Soko Banja it was thought that it had represented a Roman army camp. Thorough researches in 1953 brought to the discoveries of a palace with jewelries, mosaics and coins which led archeologists to the conclusion that it couldn’t have been an army camp. The puzzle was solved in June 1984 with the discovery of a stone with an inscription Felix Romuliana. The largest building is at the same time one of the largest temples in Europe – Jupiter’s temple. A great number of mosaics were found and those of the greatest value are being kept in a museum in Zajecar. The rest are covered with sand to prevent them from running. Romuliana had a system of floor heating, two wells which were kept and aqueduct.
The greatest part of Romuliana is, unfortunately, under the ground and is waiting for some happier times while the latest researches of German archeologists have discovered that outside the tsar palace there is a great number of buildings, perhaps a whole city.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.