Montenegrin town Igalo and its neighbor Herceg Novi neporedni removed in a beautiful small bay on the southwest coast of Bay of Kotor at the foot of the mountain Orjen (1894 m). This place has been a major crossroad of civilizations. The ancient Greeks, Romans and Illyrians had their settlements in the Gulf and in the neighboring hills. From that time onwards the great powers in the region such as Byzantium, Medieval Slavic tribes, Venetians, Spaniards, Turks, French and Austro-Hungarians had occupied and ruled this part of the Gulf. All these different rulers and cultures, different military, religious and ethnic groups have left an indelible mark not only on local architecture, but also a way of life and mentality of local people. Walking through the streets, squares and stairways Igalo spa, you can go through the history of the Mediterranean and also enjoy the benefits of modern tourism.
Photo by Saša Stojanović from Sokobanja
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.