Imperial Palace-Qianlong Garden
Share
mail
License license
loading...
Loading ...

Фотограф: jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO Время съемки: 05:31, 30/01/2008 - Views loading...

Advertisement

Imperial Palace-Qianlong Garden

The World > Asia > China > Beijing

  • Нравится / не нравится
  • thumbs up
  • thumbs down

The garden which the Imperial Palace - rather long-lived palace garden is Emperor Qianlong changes when Jianning long-lived palace constructs, afterward also called Qianlong the garden, is the scholar recognized “in the palace the park” or “the imperial palace botanical garden” high-quality goods. Located at Beijing, China Imperial Palace rather long-lived palace area's northwest corner, constructs in the Qianlong 36 years to 41 years (A.D. 1771-1776 years), uses in common six years only then to complete. The garden north and south length 160 meters, the thing width 37 meters, the area 5920 square meters, the architectural composition is exquisite, the combination is appropriate, is palace garden work model.

comments powered by Disqus

Ближайшие панорамы - Beijing

map

A: Imperial Garden characteristic 御花园特色 (529)

Фотограф: Dxinwei, На расстоянии 10 метров отсюда

御花园特色:      1、对称性,以钦安殿为中心,两边均衡地布置各式建筑近20座,无论是依墙而建还是亭台独立,均玲珑别致,疏密合度。其中以浮碧亭和澄瑞亭、万春亭和千秋亭最具特色。两对亭子东西对称排列,...

Imperial Garden characteristic 御花园特色 (529)

B: Forbidden city 13 المدينة المحرمة

Фотограф: Ali Barnawi, На расстоянии 10 метров отсюда

The Forbidden City - المدينة المحرمةThe Palace Museum or the Forbidden City, used as the royal palace...

Forbidden city 13 المدينة المحرمة

C: Qianqiu Ting(故宮千秋亭), Forbidden Palace Museum, Beijing

Фотограф: wongchichuen, На расстоянии 10 метров отсюда

The Palace Museum is housed in the Forbidden City, the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty ...

Qianqiu Ting(故宮千秋亭), Forbidden Palace Museum, Beijing

D: Forbidden City, Imperial Garden 御花园 (523)

Фотограф: Dxinwei, На расстоянии 30 метров отсюда

御花园:      1、御花园,明永乐十八年(1420年)始建,十八年建成,名为“宫后苑”。清雍正朝起,称“御花园”。御花园位于紫禁城中轴线的北端,正南有坤宁门同后三宫相连,左右分设琼苑东门、琼苑西门,...

Forbidden City, Imperial Garden 御花园 (523)

E: Forbidden City, Chengguang door 承光門 (541)

Фотограф: Dxinwei, На расстоянии 60 метров отсюда

承光门:      承光门位于北京中轴线上,钦安殿北。门向北,琉璃瓦牌楼门,门内设壤金铜像一对,门左右各接有短垣,高仅过人,但砌得十分华贵,干摆青砖下肩,土红墙身,黄色琉璃墙顶之下,承托着一排琉璃斗拱,...

Forbidden City, Chengguang door 承光門 (541)

F: Forbidden City,Palace of Gathered Elegance 储秀宫 (517)

Фотограф: Dxinwei, На расстоянии 60 метров отсюда

储秀宫:      1、紫禁城储秀宫为内廷西六宫之一,西一街翊坤宫之北。明永乐十八年(1420年)建成,初名寿昌宫,嘉靖十四年(1535年)更名储秀宫。清顺治十二年(1655年)重修。储秀宫为单檐歇山顶...

Forbidden City,Palace of Gathered Elegance 储秀宫 (517)

G: Forbidden city 14 المدينة المحرمة

Фотограф: Ali Barnawi, На расстоянии 70 метров отсюда

The Forbidden City - المدينة المحرمةThe Palace Museum or the Forbidden City, used as the royal palace...

Forbidden city 14 المدينة المحرمة

H: A Forbidden City Wishing Well inside Qianqiu Pavilion

Фотограф: Jook Leung | 360VR Images, На расстоянии 80 метров отсюда

The Forbidden City (Zijincheng) was the Chinese imperial palace from the mid-Ming Dynasty to the end ...

A Forbidden City Wishing Well inside Qianqiu Pavilion

I: Forbidden City, Body and the temple 体和殿 (511)

Фотограф: Dxinwei, На расстоянии 80 метров отсюда

体和殿:      体和殿位于西六宫的翊坤宫之后,原为翊坤宫的后殿,清光绪年间将此殿改为前后开门的穿堂殿,名曰“体和殿”。黄琉璃瓦硬山顶,面阔5间,前后开门。东2间相连,慈禧太后居住储秀宫时曾在此用膳。...

Forbidden City, Body and the temple 体和殿 (511)

J: Forbidden city 15 المدينة المحرمة

Фотограф: Ali Barnawi, На расстоянии 80 метров отсюда

The Forbidden City - المدينة المحرمةThe Palace Museum or the Forbidden City, used as the royal palace...

Forbidden city 15 المدينة المحرمة

Эта панорама была снята в Beijing

Описание для места - Beijing

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

Поделитесь этой панорамой