On the deck of an old fishing boat at the Jurmala Open-Air Museum, Latvia
The ship on the left is called "Undine" (Mermaid), it was built in Sovetsk (city on the boundary between nowadays Lithuania and Russia) in 1971. In Soviet times it belonged to the prosperous fishing kolkhoz (collective farm) "Uzvara" (Victory). During one session the boat could take up to 3 tons of fish on board.
During barricades time in 1991, when Latvia re-gained its independence, the boat moved from the sea to the Daugava River in Riga (the capital of Latvia), where it was guarding television buildings on the island of Zakusala.
Bringing this 44-ton heavy veteran by land to its last anchorage in the Open-air Museum in Jurmala was a challenging task, but it proved worth it and today “Undine” is one of the most remarkable exhibits here. Surrounded by the nature park “Ragakapa” (Horn Dune), it seems that the boat continues its navigation, only that now it furrows the green expanses of pine-tree forest instead of blue waters of the Baltic Sea...
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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.