0 Likes

Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle
Syria

Wikipedia: "Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: [kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]) (Arabic: قلعة الحصن‎), also Crac des Chevaliers, is a Crusader castle in Syria and one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was first inhabited in the 11th century by a settlement of Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It became known as Crac de l'Ospital; the name Krak des Chevaliers was coined in the 19th century.

The Hospitallers began rebuilding the castle in the 1140s and were finished by 1170 when an earthquake damaged the castle. The order controlled a number of castles along the border of the County of Tripoli, a state founded after the First Crusade. Krak des Chevaliers was amongst the most important and acted as a centre of administration as well as a military base. After a second phase of building was undertaken in the 13th century, Krak des Chevaliers became a concentric castle. This phase created the outer wall and gave the castle its current appearance. The first half of the century has been described as Krak des Chevaliers' "golden age". At its peak, Krak des Chevaliers housed a garrison of around 2,000. Such a large garrison allowed the Hospitallers to extract tribute from a wide area. From the 1250s the fortunes of the Knights Hospitaller took a turn for the worse and in 1271 Krak des Chevaliers was captured by the Mamluk Sultan Baibars after a siege lasting 36 days.

Renewed interest in Crusader castles in the 19th century led to the investigation of Krak des Chevaliers, and architectural plans were drawn up. In the late 19th or early 20th century a settlement had been created within the castle, causing damage to its fabric. The 500 inhabitants were moved in 1933 and the castle was given over to the French state, under which a programme of clearing and restoration was carried out. When Syria declared independence in 1946, the castle left French control. Krak des Chevaliers is located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of the city of Homs, close to the border of Lebanon, and is administratively part of the Homs Governorate. Since 2006, the castles of Krak des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din have been recognised by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site."

Copyright: Willy Kaemena
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 5000x2500
Загружена: 01/11/2012
Обновлено: 05/11/2012
Просмотров:

...


Tags:
comments powered by Disqus

Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers Church
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers
Willy Kaemena
Krak Des Chevaliers Entrance
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chavaliers- Crusader Castle
Willy Kaemena
Students
SAMER YOUNES
Draykish
SAMER YOUNES
Aldelpe Spring
SAMER YOUNES
Between Tartus and Masyaf
Willy Kaemena
BMI AirbusA320
Randy Myers
Arc de Triomphe
ehcsimred
Ehcsimred bruecke nasses dreieck germany
mouret-vincent
New York in the sky 4 french on board
Scott Knauss
The Gigli of Nola
Mark Schuster
Kanakan Village - Iran
Noel Jenkins
Robot milking parlour at Orway Farm, Devon
Marcin Klaban
Old English Bus
Arnaud Chapin
Nurserie de Veaux
bryant a gilbert
The Blue Water Bridge, Port Huron Michigan to Sarnia Ontario
ehcsimred
Ehcsimred schleuse herbrum aschendorf germany
Café Central
Tibor Illes
Greek Folklor Dancing Group of Egion - XI. Rose Festival
Willy Kaemena
Marina Bay 2012
Willy Kaemena
Weserwehr Bremen
Willy Kaemena
Cusco Plaza de Armas
Willy Kaemena
Melaka River
Willy Kaemena
Innotrans 2012 Stadler Leo Express
Willy Kaemena
Capela de São Filipe - Pousada de Setubal
Willy Kaemena
Water Reservoir Amoreiras
Willy Kaemena
Damascus Old Town
Willy Kaemena
Maloula Hotel Syria
Willy Kaemena
Westbahn WESTbahn Club
Willy Kaemena
Boardwalk 2004
Willy Kaemena
Domshof Passage Bremen
More About Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.