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Temple of Heaven park-Zhaoheng Gate 昭亨门 (1369)
Beijing

昭亨门:

      天坛圜丘坛四周应有四座门,东:泰元门;南:昭亨门;西:广利门;北:成贞门。目前沿着丹陛桥轴线可以穿过北成贞门和南昭亨门。泰元门和广利门因天坛已经成为普通大众的游园,故失去了使用价值。

      按照学者的研究,圜丘坛四天门建筑群集“三皇五帝”于一身。

      东泰元门:唐尧(帝)、木(五行)、春(季节)、大章(泰乐);

      南昭亨门:虞舜(帝)、火(五行)、夏(季节)、干羽舞(昭曲);

      中元乾(天心石):黄帝、土(五行)、长夏(季);磬(云霄之乐)

      西广利门:帝喾(帝)、金(五行)、秋(季节)、六茎(广乐);

      北成贞门:颛顼(帝)、水(五行)、冬(季节)、五荧(颛顼所作之乐曲)

      由此构成五帝之涵义。圜丘三台为圆形祭坛,表示的是“天皇”;四天门外垣墙及外壝墙为方形表示的是“地皇”;祭台石构件取“九”或九的倍数,象征着九天对应“九州'及其“人皇”。这样天、地、人这三皇都具备了。另有,四天门的“元亨利贞”表示创作了八卦的伏羲之皇;而“五帝”各自的乐器乐曲来自女娲笙簧和神农五弦的乐章,人间的“三皇”也包括在内了。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8412x4206
Загружена: 10/01/2014
Обновлено: 08/08/2014
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