0 Likes

The Circular Mound Altar-South Lingxing gate 南棂星门 (1333)
Beijing

南棂星门:

      圜丘有两道围护墙叫作“壝墙”。外墙呈方形,内壝墙为圆形,体现内圆外方、天圆地方之意。每道壝墙的东、南、西、北方的正位有一座棂星门。外壝墙还有一道矩形垣墙,垣墙四面有门,从东面依次是泰元门、昭亨门、广利门、成贞门。棂星门每组三门,共有24门,可谓“云门玉立”。棂星门的大小都不一样,中门是皇天上帝专用的,所以高大;皇帝只能从中门左侧的门进入;而其他的官员只得从右边最小的门通过。而东西南北四个方向的棂星门大小也不尽相同,南棂星门高6.17米;北、东棂星门均为4.35米,西棂星门高5.30米。皇帝从昭门而入南棂星门举行祭天仪式。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8366x4183
Загружена: 10/01/2014
Обновлено: 08/08/2014
Просмотров:

...


Tags: altar
comments powered by Disqus

Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-Heavenly Centre Stone 天心石 (1351)
jacky cheng
Temple of Heaven-Circular Mound Altar-2008
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-fan-shaped stone 扇形石 (1345)
jacky cheng
天坛-圜丘台-2-2008
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar East Lingxing Gate 东棂星门 (1327)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-Firewood Stove 燔柴炉 (1357)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-lamp Post 望灯杆 (1363)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-West Lingxing gate 西棂星门 (1339)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-North Lingxing Gate 北棂星门 (1321)
Dxinwei
Imperial Vault of Heaven 皇穹宇 (1303)
jacky cheng
The imperial Vault of Heaven-2008
Dxinwei
Temple of Heaven park-Zhaoheng Gate 昭亨门 (1369)
Alexander Jensko
Salzburg - Imbergstiege
Ernst Michalek
Austria/Styria: Beneath teh Dachstein Gletscherbahn, at Upper Station
René van Gageldonk
from the series "on the edge, dunes and dykes": Zeelands highest dunes 1
Flyvisionrc
Puerto De Fuengirola
Leszek Cuper
Opolski Rynek
Wolfgang Guelcker
Florence - Santa Croce (Transept)
B.JULLIEN
vue du haut de notre dame de MAI - Cap Sicié - Six Fours
Tom Baetsen
Monumenta 2012 Grand Palais Daniel Buren
Roman Efimoff
Club Phaselis Night Salute
Rui Ferreira, Moura-Portugal
Defesa de São Bras, Alqueva Dan
Lucas Lena
Isla Saona
Haruhiko Nakayama
巨樹の森とシャクナゲ Woods of the Giant tree & Alpine roses
Dxinwei
West Taihu西太湖(010)
Dxinwei
In Ng to be auxiliary 中吴要辅 (308187)
Dxinwei
Li Shangyin Poems Lotus 李商隐誉荷 (133)
Dxinwei
The city of Haining leather海宁皮革城-冬日芦苇(115)
Dxinwei
Changxing Ancient Ginkgo Corridor古银杏长廊-竹园门路(223)
Dxinwei
Changzhou West Taihu 常州西太湖 (005)
Dxinwei
Liu XianShi temple 刘仙师庙 (103)
Dxinwei
Tianshui Fuxi Temple伏羲庙(277)
Dxinwei
Qingfeng Park吊桥(127)
Dxinwei
Tianmu Lake Sha River Reservoir 沙河水库 (055)
Dxinwei
Longju Bridge Night 龙踞桥之夜 (061)
Dxinwei
Hu Zongxian Memorial 胡宗宪纪念馆 (769)
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.