السور الكبير: الذي يحيط بمدينة تيماء القديمة من الجهات الغربية و الجنوبية والشرقية عدا الجهة الشمالية التي تشغلها الأرض الملحية المعروفة (السبخة) ويمتد السور أكثر من 10 كم، وهو مشيد من الحجارة واللبن والطين، ويبلغ ارتفاعه حالياً في بعض الأجزاء أكثر من عشرة أمتار ويقل ارتفاعه في بعض الأجزاء حتى يصل إلى المتر الواحد تقريباً وعرض جداره يتراوح ما بين المتر و المترين، ويعود تاريخ بنائه غالى القرن السادس قبل الميلاد. The Tyma Wall: One of the most distinguished ruins inside the present Tayma is the ancient wall which surrounded the old Tyma from eastern, southern and western sides except the northern side where there is a dry lake or Sabkha. The wall extends up to 10km and was built with stones, mud and clay. It is over 10 meter high, and at some places the minimum height reached to about 1 meter. The width of the wall varies between one meter to two meters. It was built in 6th.century BC.
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Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.