Crveni Krst concentration camp
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Panoramabild av Saša Stojanović EXPERT Tagen 10:55, 03/10/2010 - Views loading...


Crveni Krst concentration camp

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Crveni Krst concentration camp (English: Red Cross concentration camp), also known as logor Crveni Krst (логор Црвени Крст) or Lager Niš (Лагер Ниш), was a concentration camp located in Crveni Krst, in the industrial zone of the Serbian city of Niš, and operated by the Nazis during the Second World War. It is estimated that around 30,000 persons went through this camp, and an estimated 12,000 persons were executed on the location of Bubanj. Many of the other inmates were transferred to Sajmište concentration camp or other camps around Europe. The camp victims included the Jews, Roma, but mostly members of the Yugoslav Communist Party and their sympathisers, partisan POWs, and members of their families. At least 300 Serbian Roma died at the camp.[1] The camp was operated from 1941 until the liberation of Niš by the Yugoslav Partisans in 1944. Niš Concentration Camp was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Currently (as of March 2008), the Crveni Krst camp operates as a museum. However, major investments are due so that the museum could be fully representative.

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Det här panoramat togs i Serbia, Europe

Detta är en översikt av Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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