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The Nanjing presidential palace had more than 600 years history until now. The Ming Dynasty first year once was Guide Hou Fu and the Chinese palace. The Qing Dynasty weaves bureau, south of Yangzi River governor bureau for Jiangning, two jiangs governor bureau. Qing Dynasty Kangxi, under Emperor Qianlong when south of Yangzi River take this as “the temporary palace”. in March, 1853 Taiping army seized Nanjing, established the capital in Tianjing, Hong Xiuchuan has constructed the broad in scale in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Chinese court palace (day palace). After Qingjun breaks through Nanjing, burns down the palace construction, (1870) has reconstructed two jiangs governor bureau in the Tongzhi nine years. Lin Zexu, Zeng Guofan, Li Hongzhang, Liu Kun one, Shen Baozhen, Zuo Zongtang, Zhang Zhidong, proper and so on have been appointed two jiangs governor.after the 1911 year in October 1911 Revolution erupts, on January 1, 1912, Sun Yat-Sen took an oath in here takes office the Republic of China temporary president, and has set up in the Chinese history the first republican system state power ── Republic of China Provisional government.
on April 23, 1949 Nanjing liberated, on 24th, the communist army seized the presidential palace. Henceforth, had opened the Chinese history new page.after the Nanjing liberates in near 50 years, presidential palace continuously as institution's work place. Since the 1980s, the institution unit has moved one after another, and in 1998 above the presidential palace former site, starts to prepare for construction the Nanjing China Modern history Ruins Museum. After the careful plan and five year construction, has begun to take shape to 2003. At present, the museum total area is 90,000 square meters, is divided three visit regions. The central area (axle) is mainly the National government, the presidential palace and the respective organization; West the area is Sun Yat-Sen's temporary president office, the secretariat and west the garden, as well as joint chiefs of staff and so on; East the area is mainly the Executive Yuan former site, the horse stable and east the garden. A series of exhibition halls and historical data exhibition, then distributes in these three regions. today, the presidential palace is remaining by many preserved complete modern times China and the West construction, domestic unique and sincere historical culture atmosphere, precious cultural relic and historical data, fine scenery natural environment, as well as nearly 30000 square meter leisure service areas, warmly welcome from the nation and everywhere honored guests.
Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally. The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.