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全景摄影师 Mehdi jaafaran 日期和时间 16:53, 03/05/2011 - Views loading...

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Alamut castle

世界 > 亚洲 > Middle East > Iran > Northern Iran

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在附近的图片Northern Iran

map

A: Alamut.Qazvin.Iran

摄影师H Jafari, 距离此处60远

Alamut is a region in Iran including western and eastern parts in the western edge of the Alborz (Elb...

Alamut.Qazvin.Iran

B: Alamut

摄影师Reza Pazhouhesh, 距离此处100远

Alamut

C: alamout

摄影师farhad sorudi, 距离此处110远

alamout

D: Evan (ovan) Lake

摄影师Mani Jahanshahi, 距离此全景13.2

Evan (ovan) Lake

E: Alamut Near Evan Lake

摄影师Mani Jahanshahi, 距离此全景13.3

Alamut Near Evan Lake

F: Evan Lake

摄影师Mehdi jaafaran, 距离此全景13.4

Evan Lake

G: Qazvin Mountain

摄影师Mehdi jaafaran, 距离此全景19.7

Qazvin Mountain

H: Taleghan Lake, Iran

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此全景30.3

Taleghan Lake, Iran

I: Taleghan Lake, Iran

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此全景30.6

Taleghan Lake, Iran

J: Taleghan Lake, Iran

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此全景31.5

Taleghan Lake, Iran

此全景拍摄于Northern Iran, Iran

这是一个概述Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.

It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.

There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.

Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.

The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.

The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.

In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.

Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."

In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.

Text by Steve Smith.

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