Austrian Embassy Beijing
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全景摄影师 Florian Frey // studiobaff.com PRO EXPERT 日期和时间 15:10, 08/02/2012 - Views loading...

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Austrian Embassy Beijing

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 北京

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Österreichische Botschaft Peking
Jianguomenwai, Xiushui Nanjie 5
(chinesisch: 奥地利使馆,建国门外秀水南街5号)
100600 Peking, Volksrepublik China
Telefon: +86 10 6532-9869 und +86 10 6532-9879
Telefax: +86 10 6532-1505

http://www.bmeia.gv.at/botschaft/peking.html

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在附近的图片北京

map

A: The Place

摄影师Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 距离此处540远

LED skyscreen creates unique ceiling for The PlaceA new retail center in Beijing features a giant sus...

The Place

B: 北京-国际贸易中心

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处830远

中国国际贸易中心,是目前中国规模最大的综合性高档商务服务企业之一,国贸中心地处北京商务中心区的核心地段,占地12公顷,总建筑面积56万平方米,集办公、住宿、会议、展览、购物和娱乐等多功能于一体,是众多跨...

北京-国际贸易中心

C: CCTV Tower Beijing

摄影师Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 距离此全景1.0

The CCTV Headquarters is a 234 m (768 ft), 44-storey skyscraper in the Beijing Central Business Distr...

CCTV Tower Beijing

D: The CCTV Headquarter

摄影师Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 距离此全景1.1

The CCTV Headquarters is a 234 m (768 ft), 44-storey skyscraper in the Beijing Central Business Distr...

The CCTV Headquarter

E: The CCTV Headquarter // Jintaixizhao Station Subway Line10

摄影师Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 距离此全景1.1

The CCTV Headquarters is a 234 m (768 ft), 44-storey skyscraper in the Beijing Central Business Distr...

The CCTV Headquarter //  Jintaixizhao Station Subway Line10

F: 明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-石碑

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明城墙遗址公园东起东便门角楼,西至崇文门,北连北京火车站,南接崇文门东大街,总面积达15.5公顷,沿城墙设置了200米宽的绿化带,此地区原有的204棵大树,包括树龄在一二百年以上的20多棵古树屹立其间,...

明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-石碑

G: 明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-残城墙

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景1.3

明城墙遗址公园东起东便门角楼,西至崇文门,北连北京火车站,南接崇文门东大街,总面积达15.5公顷,沿城墙设置了200米宽的绿化带,此地区原有的204棵大树,包括树龄在一二百年以上的20多棵古树屹立其间,...

明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-残城墙

H: 明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-残城墙

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明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-残城墙

I: 明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-京奉铁路信号所

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景1.3

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明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门)-京奉铁路信号所

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明北京城城墙遗址公园(东便门) - 京城东南角楼

此全景拍摄于北京

这是一个概述北京

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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