Barot city center
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全景摄影师 Demeter Tibor 日期和时间 17:30, 28/04/2012 - Views loading...

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Barot city center

世界 > Europe > Romania > Transsylvania

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A baróti várat, amely valószínűleg a település határában állott római castrum maradványa lehetett, a középkorban Venczel várának hívták. A települést 1224-ben Boralt néven említik. A vár lábánál feküdt egykor Alsó- vagy Kisbarót. Felső- vagy Nagybarót pedig a Nagyerdő alatt feküdt. A római katolikus templom a 16. században épült. A települést 1658-ban a tatárok dúlták fel, 1709-ben a labancok kirabolták. 1802-ben a földrengés pusztított, melyben a templom is súlyosan megrongálódott és 1817-ben újjá kellett építeni. 1848. december 13-án döntő fontosságú csata zajlott Köpec és Felsőrákos között. Horváth Ignác és Gál Sándor vezette székelyek óriási vereséget mértek a Heydte által vezetett császári csapatokra. 1876-tól járási székhely. 1910-ben 2531 lakosa volt, 30 kivételével mind magyarok. A trianoni békeszerződésig Háromszék vármegye Mikósvári járásához tartozott. Városi rangra 1968-ban emelkedett. http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar%C3%B3t

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在附近的图片Transsylvania

map

A: Barot, Catholic Church

摄影师Demeter Tibor, 距离此处20远

A baróti várat, amely valószínűleg a település határában állott római castrum maradványa lehetett, a ...

Barot, Catholic Church

B: Exhibition of Máthé Ferenc

摄影师Csongor Máthé, 距离此全景6.7

Máthé Ferenc is a wood carving craftsman, ho had recived many awards as recognition of his oeuvre. Th...

Exhibition of Máthé Ferenc

C: Lake Sf. Ana - Romania

摄影师Dan Mirica, 距离此全景23.1

Lake Sf. Ana - Romania

D: Snowy day on the Saint Anne Lake

摄影师Michael Pop, 距离此全景23.1

Snowy day on the Saint Anne Lake

E: Nice view of the Saint Anne Lake

摄影师Michael Pop, 距离此全景23.6

Nice view of the Saint Anne Lake

F: Saint George Bridge under renovation

摄影师Kocsis-Boldizsár János, 距离此全景28.4

Taken with Nikon D60 with 18-55 VR kit lens.

Saint George Bridge under renovation

G: Beautiful red sky

摄影师Kocsis-Boldizsár János, 距离此全景28.9

Beautiful red sky

H: The Storm is coming

摄影师Kocsis-Boldizsár János, 距离此全景29.4

The Storm is coming

I: Rupea Fortress

摄影师Michael Pop, 距离此全景29.6

 Rupea Fortress, located on the Northwestern side of Brasov county, was built on a basalt rock. The f...

Rupea Fortress

J: Rupea Fortress

摄影师Michael Pop, 距离此全景29.6

 Rupea Fortress, located on the Northwestern side of Brasov county, was built on a basalt rock. The f...

Rupea Fortress

此全景拍摄于Transsylvania

这是一个概述Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.

Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).

The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.

The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].

In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.

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