北京奥林匹克公园-上顶娘娘庙-2008
摄影师 EXPERT MAESTRO
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全景摄影师 jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO 日期和时间 12:21, 04/11/2008 (Beijing) - Views loading...

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北京奥林匹克公园-上顶娘娘庙-2008

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 北京

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北顶娘娘庙供奉的神袛是碧霞元君,即天仙玉女泰山,俗称泰山老奶奶、泰山老母、泰山娘娘,是中国历史上影响最大的娘娘之一。

搞奥运会的时候,原准备把这个娘娘庙迁移,出于保护这座古迹,后来决定,特意北移100米建设水立方就是为了为了保护这座娘娘庙。

北顶娘娘庙它建于明代,清乾隆年间重修,原有四进殿堂,庙前有大戏台。每年阴历四月十八日,是碧霞元君诞辰的日子,庙里都会举办庙会。这里就热闹非凡,有做小买卖的,还有耍杂耍的。到上世纪五十年代,庙会尚盛,后来就逐渐衰落了。1976年唐山大地震中,北顶后殿倒塌,仅存山门、钟楼和前殿。现在奥运工地的建设者,将北顶修缮一新。朱红的庙墙,精致的吻兽,映衬着鸟巢钢铸的梁架,古典与时尚交汇在一起,别有韵味。

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在附近的图片北京

map

A: Water Cube水立方(697)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此处250远

Water Cube水立方(697)

B: Panlong Building盘龙大厦(703)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此处310远

Panlong Building盘龙大厦(703)

C: Beijing Olympic Park奥林匹克公园(727)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此处310远

Beijing Olympic Park奥林匹克公园(727)

D: 国家游泳中心“水立方”-跳台

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处330远

国家游泳中心又被称为“水立方”(Water Cube),位于北京奥林匹克公园内,是北京为2008年夏季奥运会修建的主游泳馆,也是2008年北京奥运会标志性建筑物之一。它的设计方案,是经全球 设计竞赛产生...

国家游泳中心“水立方”-跳台

E: Olympic Stadium 2008 - Beijing

摄影师Bernd Dohrmann - www.360Bilder.de, 距离此处350远

Olympic Stadium 2008 - Beijing

F: National Aquatics Center

摄影师Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 距离此处370远

The Beijing National Aquatics Center (simplified Chinese: 北京国家游泳中心; traditional Chinese: 北京國家游泳中心), a...

National Aquatics Center

G: 北京國家體育館-鳥巢

摄影师平林, 距离此处370远

北京國家體育館-鳥巢

北京國家體育館-鳥巢

H: Water Cube水立方(685)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此处420远

Water Cube水立方(685)

I: 国家游泳中心(水立方);The country swims the center (water cube)

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处420远

国家游泳中心又被称为“水立方”(Water Cube),位于北京奥林匹克公园内,是北京为2008年夏季奥运会修建的主游泳馆,也是2008年北京奥运会标志性建筑物之一。它的设计方案,是经全球设计竞赛产生的...

国家游泳中心(水立方);The country swims the center (water cube)

J: 国家游泳中心“水立方”-2007

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处420远

国家游泳中心又被称为“水立方”(Water Cube),位于北京奥林匹克公园内,是北京为2008年夏季奥运会修建的主游泳馆,也是2008年北京奥运会标志性建筑物之一。它的设计方案,是经全球设计竞赛产生的...

国家游泳中心“水立方”-2007

此全景拍摄于北京

这是一个概述北京

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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