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青羊宫-三清殿-铜羊 Goral palace - Taoist trinity palace-2
成都

三清殿,又名无极殿,是青羊宫的主殿,始建于唐朝,重建于清康熙八年(1669年).三清殿基长四十米,为正方形,总面积一千六百平方米.外檐柱上雕刻着六合童儿、双狮戏球等艺术木雕,有一副贴金对联:“福地卧青牛石室烟霞万古,洞天翔白鹤蓬壶岁月千秋”。此联为原中国道教协会会长黎遇航所书。殿前左陈一钟、名曰“幽冥钟”,是明朝时铸造,重约三千多公斤。右配一应鼓,每逢初一、十五和吉庆大典便击鼓鸣钟,晨钟暮鼓,幽远清晰,给人以更加宁静的感觉。

大殿两边还塑有十二金仙,分别是:广成子、赤精子、黄龙真人、惧留孙、太乙真人、灵宝大法师、文殊广法天尊、普贤真人、慈航道人、玉鼎真人、道行天尊、清虚道德真君。
殿内共有三十六根大柱,其中木柱八根,代表着道教的八大天王;石柱二十八根,代表天上廿八星宿,即角、亢、氐、房、心、尾、箕、斗、牛、女、虚、危、室、壁、奎、娄、胃、昴、毕、觜、参、井、鬼、柳、星、张、冀、轸。此殿建筑宏伟而庄严,在全国尚属少见。
铜羊两只都是黄铜铸成。长90厘米、高60厘米,俗称青羊。其中单角铜羊是清雍正元年(1723年)大学士张鹏翮(别号信阳子)从北京买来送给青羊宫的,以负青羊宫之名的。其底座有记事性诗文:“京师会上得铜羊,移往成都古道场。出关尹喜似相识,寻到华阳乐未央。”下款有“信阳子题”四字。单角铜羊其实是十二属相化身,即鼠耳、牛鼻、虎爪、兔背、龙角、蛇尾、马嘴、羊须、猴颈、鸡眼、狗腹、猪臀。相传这只青铜异兽是宋代河南开封经梅阁之物(羊颈部补疤处原有“红梅阁”三字)。另一双角铜羊是清道光九年(1829年)成都张柯氏延请云南匠师陈文炳、顾体仁铸造,献给青羊宫的。

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Copyright: Jacky cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7916x3958
上传: 07/03/2009
更新: 16/02/2012
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