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全景摄影师 Konrad Łaszczyński EXPERT 日期和时间 10:22, 16/10/2011 - Views loading...

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Entrance to Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

世界 > Africa > Middle East > Egypt > Luxor & Karnak

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Following the tradition of many pharaohs, the masterpiece of Hatshepsut's building projects was her mortuary temple. She built hers in a complex at Deir el-Bahri. It was designed and implemented by Senemut at a site on the West Bank of the Nile River near the entrance to what now is called the Valley of the Kings because of all the pharaohs who later chose to associate their complexes with the grandeur of hers. Her buildings were the first grand ones planned for that location.


Colonnaded design of Hatshepsut temple. The focal point was the Djeser-Djeseru or "the Sublime of Sublimes", a colonnaded structure of perfect harmony nearly one thousand years before the Parthenon was built. Djeser-Djeseru sits atop a series of terraces that once were graced with lush gardens. Djeser-Djeseru is built into a cliff face that rises sharply above it. Djeser-Djeseru and the other buildings of Hatshepsut's Deir el-Bahri complex are considered to be significant advances in architecture. Another one of her great accomplishments is the Hatshepsut needle (also known as the granite obelisks).


At her mortuary temple, in Osirian statues that regaled the transportation of the pharaoh to the world of the dead, the symbols of the pharaoh as the deity Osiris were the reason for the attire and they were much more important to be displayed traditionally, her breasts are obscured behind her crossed arms holding the regal staffs of the two kingdoms she ruled. This became a pointed concern among writers who sought reasons for the generic style of the shrouded statues and led to misinterpretations. Understanding of the religious symbolism was required to interpret the statues correctly. Interpretations by these early scholars varied and often, were baseless conjectures of their own contemporary values. The possible reasons for her breasts not being emphasized in the most formal statues were debated among some early Egyptologists, who failed to understand the ritual religious symbolism, to take into account the fact that many women and goddesses portrayed in ancient Egyptian art often lack delineation of breasts, and that the physical aspect of the gender of pharaohs was never stressed in the art. With few exceptions, subjects were idealized.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatshepsut

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A: Hatshepsut Osirian statues

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Hatshepsut  Osirian statues

B: Hatshepsut temple

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Hatshepsut  temple

C: Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

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D: Hatshepsut

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Hatshepsut

E: Ramesses the Sixth Burial Chamber

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F: The Tomb of Tutankhamen

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G: Workmen’s Huts in The Theban Mountains, East group, Luxor, Egypt

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H: Workmen’s Huts in The Theban Mountains, Luxor, Egypt

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I: Entrance to one of the tombs.

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Entrance to one of the tombs.

J: Workmen’s Huts in The Theban Mountains, Luxor, Egypt

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Part of the Holy Land, Egypt offers a fascinating mixture of ancient pyramids, temples and other religious monuments. There are numerous possibilities to explore Egypt from desert treks to trips down the Nile or scuba diving in the Red Sea and along the Sinai coast. Cairo, which means “The Triumphant”, is home to the pyramids, sphinx and over 17 million residents within its metropolitan area. Luxor is often described as the world’s largest open air museum, built on the ancient city of Thebes. The Karnak temple complex, located near Luxor, is a collection of ancient temples, chapels and various other buildings.

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