Naqshe Rostam
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全景摄影师 Ramin Dehdashti PRO EXPERT MAESTRO 日期和时间 13:17, 31/08/2008 - Views loading...

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Naqshe Rostam

世界 > 亚洲 > Middle East > Iran

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Naqsh-e Rostam is an archaeological site located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in the Fars province, and lies a few hundred meters from Naqsh-e Rajab.
Four tombs belonging to the Achaemenid kings are carved out of the rock face. They are all at a considerable height above the ground.
The tombs are known locally as the 'Persian crosses', after the shape of the facades of the tombs.
One of the tombs is explicitly identified by an accompanying inscription to be the tomb of Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE). The other three tombs are believed to be those of Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE), Artaxerxes I (r. 465-424 BCE), and Darius II (r. 423-404 BCE) respectively. A fifth unfinished one might be that of Artaxerxes III, who reigned at the longest two years, but is more likely that of Darius III (r. 336-330 BCE), last of the Achaemenid dynasts.

The tombs were looted following the conquest of the Achaemenid empire by Alexander the Great.

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在附近的图片Iran

map

A: Naghsh-e-Rostam

摄影师ParsYad, 距离此处20远

نقش رستم-کعبه زرتشت

Naghsh-e-Rostam

B: Naqshe Rostam

摄影师Ramin Dehdashti, 距离此处40远

Naqsh-e Rostam is an archaeological site located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in the Fars pro...

Naqshe Rostam

C: Naghsh-e Rostam

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此处40远

Naghsh-e Rostam

D: Naqshe Rostam

摄影师Ramin Dehdashti, 距离此处70远

Naqsh-e Rostam is an archaeological site located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in the Fars pro...

Naqshe Rostam

E: Naghsh-e Rostam

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此处70远

Naghsh-e Rostam

F: Naghshe Rostam

摄影师Jalal Ghelichzadeh, 距离此处70远

Naghshe Rostam

G: Naghsh-e Rostam

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此处90远

Naghsh-e Rostam

H: Naghsh-e Rostam

摄影师Sahneh, 距离此处130远

Naghsh-e Rostam

I: Naghsh-e-Rajab

摄影师ParsYad, 距离此全景2.8

Four bas relief of the Sasanians empire of Iran about 5th centery. These are graved in the Rahmat mou...

Naghsh-e-Rajab

J: Estakhr Old City

摄影师Jalal Ghelichzadeh, 距离此全景3.7

Estakhr Old City

此全景拍摄于Iran

这是一个概述Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.

It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.

There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.

Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.

The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.

The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.

In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.

Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."

In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.

Text by Steve Smith.

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