Jezzar Pasha Mosque, Acco (Acre), Israel
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全景摄影师 Zoran Strajin EXPERT 日期和时间 09:34, 08/09/2010 - Views loading...

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Jezzar Pasha Mosque, Acco (Acre), Israel

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Ahmed al Jezzar ("the Butcher") Pasha was the Ottoman-Turkish governor of Akko during the late 1700s, and notorious for his habit of mutilating both those in his government and those he governed. According to legend, on Al Jezzar Pasha's whim, faithful chamberlains and retainers were ordered to slay their own children as signs of loyalty to the Pasha, and the Pasha rewarded government officials and loyal subjects with amputations of hands, arms, eyes, and legs to test their willingness to submit to his whims. If this was how he treated his friends, you can imagine the fate of his enemies. When Napoleon invaded Egypt, the English joined the Ottomans in trying to drive him out. Al Jezzar Pasha marshaled the defenses of Akko, and the city withstood Napoleon's assault in 1799. Napoleon's forces never recovered from this impasse, and Napoleon's dream of conquering Egypt died outside the walls of Akko. The Pasha died in Akko in 1804, to the great relief of the city's inhabitants. Ahmed al Jezzar Pasha's contributions to Akko included building fountains, a covered market, a Turkish bath, and the harmonious mosque complex that bears his name. Begun in 1781, it is an excellent example of classic Ottoman-Turkish architecture and stands among the Pasha's most ambitious projects. Every great man in the empire wanted to endow a mosque in his own name, an act that not only added to his glory on earth but also gained points for him in heaven. A number of charitable institutions were usually constructed around the mosque, and shops were built into the walls, the rent from the shops paying for the mosque's maintenance. Though the greatest of these complexes were in Constantinople, the Ottoman capital, the one in Akko is a graceful provincial example of the exotic style of Ottoman architecture (rooted in both Byzantine and Persian traditions); it also illustrates how the traditional mosque complex worked.

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A: Jezzar Pasha Mosque, Akko (Acre), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处10远

According to the text in Arabic engraved over the doorway, the mosque was consecrated in the year 119...

Jezzar Pasha Mosque, Akko (Acre), Israel

B: Street in Acre

摄影师Armin Leuprecht, 距离此处30远

Street in Acre

C: Turkish Bath Garden, Old City of Akko (Acre), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处100远

Down at the end of Al-Jezzar Street, just around the corner, is the Municipal Museum, originally the ...

Turkish Bath Garden, Old City of Akko (Acre), Israel

D: Al Jazzer Mosque Garden, Akko (Acre)

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处100远

Al Jazzer Mosque Garden, Akko (Acre)

E: Jezzar Pasha Mosque backyad, Akko (Acre), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处100远

According to the text in Arabic engraved over the doorway, the mosque was consecrated in the year 119...

Jezzar Pasha Mosque backyad, Akko (Acre), Israel

F: Refractorium - Knights' Hall - - Akko (Acre), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处140远

Knights' Halls Refractorium Under the citadel and prison of Acre, archaeological excavations revealed...

Refractorium - Knights' Hall - - Akko (Acre), Israel

G: Restauration of Knights Hall - Acre (Akko), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处150远

Restauration of Knights Hall - Acre (Akko), Israel

H: Knights Hall - Acre (Akko), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处170远

Citadel of Acre The current building which constitutes the citadel of Acre is an Ottoman fortificatio...

Knights Hall - Acre (Akko), Israel

J: Templar's Tunnels under the Citadel, Akra (Acco), Israel

摄影师Zoran Strajin, 距离此处210远

Templar's Tunnels under the Citadel, Akra (Acco), Israel

此全景拍摄于Israel, Middle East

这是一个概述Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.

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