Jingshan Park-supernatural might gate...
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全景摄影师 jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO 日期和时间 03:53, 31/05/2009 - Views loading...

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Jingshan Park-supernatural might gate,景山公园-神武门

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 北京

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景山公园位于故宫北面,地处北京城区中心,位于北京故城垣南北中轴线的中心点上。
景山的主要建筑有:三座园门(景山门、山左里门、山右里门);祭祀孔子的绮望楼;五座峰亭(观妙亭、周赏亭、万春亭、富览亭、辑芳亭);景山山后的寿皇殿;东侧的永思殿和观德殿以及关帝庙。
景山公园地处北京城的中轴线上,占地23公顷。南与紫禁城的神武门隔街相望,西邻北海公园。景山山高42.6米,海拔88.35米,是北京城的最高点。站在山顶可俯视全城,金碧辉煌的古老紫禁城与现代化的北京城新貌尽收眼底。

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在附近的图片北京

map

A: Jingshan Park

摄影师Piotr Sliwinski, 距离此处40远

Jingshan park - north view

Jingshan Park

B: Jingshan Park-Wanchunting (south),景山公园-万春亭(南)

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处50远

万春亭位于景山的中峰,中峰的相对高度为45.7米,是北京城南北中轴线上最高和最佳的观景点。万春亭坐落在中央,高17.4米,三层重檐,32根红柱,金顶剪绿边,四角攒尖。万春亭里供奉着一尊毗卢遮那佛,原供奉...

Jingshan Park-Wanchunting (south),景山公园-万春亭(南)

C: Beijing Jingshan Park(北京景山公園), CN

摄影师黃志全, 距离此处60远

 Jingshan is an artificial hill in Beijing, China. Covering an area of more than 230,000 square meter...

Beijing Jingshan Park(北京景山公園), CN

D: Jingshan Park-qi watchtower,景山公园-绮望楼

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处60远

绮望楼位于景山公园南门内,建于清乾隆十五年(1750年),距今已有二百多年的历史。绮望楼为五大开间,分上下两层,高15米,宽20米,进深12米,建筑面积达480平方米。楼前有宽敞的月台,月台下的四周环绕...

Jingshan Park-qi watchtower,景山公园-绮望楼

E: Jingshan park near to Shenwu gate Forbidden City

摄影师Piotr Sliwinski, 距离此处60远

Jingshan park near Shenwu gate Forbidden City

Jingshan park near to Shenwu gate Forbidden City

F: Jingshan Park-Wanchunting (north) ,景山公园-万春亭(北)

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处70远

万春亭位于景山的中峰,中峰的相对高度为45.7米,是北京城南北中轴线上最高和最佳的观景点。万春亭坐落在中央,高17.4米,三层重檐,32根红柱,金顶剪绿边,四角攒尖。万春亭里供奉着一尊毗卢遮那佛,原供奉...

Jingshan Park-Wanchunting (north) ,景山公园-万春亭(北)

G: 中国 北京 北海公园 清代琉璃建筑——九龙壁

摄影师刘运增, 距离此处130远

中国有三座著名的九龙壁:规模最大、历史最久的一座,在山西省大同市内,为明代洪武末年所建,建筑最精、构图最美的一座。建在北京城的古典园林北海中,即北海九龙壁;第三座,在故宫的宁寿门前。北海九龙壁是清代乾隆...

中国 北京 北海公园 清代琉璃建筑——九龙壁

H: 中国 北京 前门——正阳门箭楼夜景

摄影师刘运增, 距离此处130远

 箭楼位于崇文区西北部,前门大街北端,系北京城中轴线天安门南端的重要建筑之一。于1988年1月31日被国务院列为全国重点文物保护单位。正阳门箭楼始建于明正统四年(1439年),建筑形式为砖砌堡垒式,城台...

中国 北京 前门——正阳门箭楼夜景

I: Gate of Divine Prowess神武門(553)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此处190远

Gate of Divine Prowess神武門(553)

J: Forbidden city 15 المدينة المحرمة

摄影师Ali Barnawi, 距离此处260远

The Forbidden City - المدينة المحرمةThe Palace Museum or the Forbidden City, used as the royal palace...

Forbidden city 15 المدينة المحرمة

此全景拍摄于北京

这是一个概述北京

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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