0 Likes

Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle
Syria

Winter sun over Krak des Chevaliers the largest and best preserved Crusader Castle in Syria.  Dec. 2006

Wikipedia:

"Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: [kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]) (Arabic: قلعة الحصن‎), also Crac des Chevaliers, is a Crusader castle in Syria and one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was first inhabited in the 11th century by a settlement of Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It became known as Crac de l'Ospital; the name Krak des Chevaliers was coined in the 19th century.

The Hospitallers began rebuilding the castle in the 1140s and were finished by 1170 when an earthquake damaged the castle. The order controlled a number of castles along the border of the County of Tripoli, a state founded after the First Crusade. Krak des Chevaliers was amongst the most important and acted as a centre of administration as well as a military base. After a second phase of building was undertaken in the 13th century, Krak des Chevaliers became a concentric castle. This phase created the outer wall and gave the castle its current appearance. The first half of the century has been described as Krak des Chevaliers' "golden age". At its peak, Krak des Chevaliers housed a garrison of around 2,000. Such a large garrison allowed the Hospitallers to extract tribute from a wide area. From the 1250s the fortunes of the Knights Hospitaller took a turn for the worse and in 1271 Krak des Chevaliers was captured by the Mamluk Sultan Baibars after a siege lasting 36 days.

Renewed interest in Crusader castles in the 19th century led to the investigation of Krak des Chevaliers, and architectural plans were drawn up. In the late 19th or early 20th century a settlement had been created within the castle, causing damage to its fabric. The 500 inhabitants were moved in 1933 and the castle was given over to the French state, under which a programme of clearing and restoration was carried out. When Syria declared independence in 1946, the castle left French control. Krak des Chevaliers is located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of the city of Homs, close to the border of Lebanon, and is administratively part of the Homs Governorate. Since 2006, the castles of Krak des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din have been recognised by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site."

Copyright: Willy kaemena
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7500x3750
上传: 01/02/2009
更新: 04/11/2012
观看次数:

...


Tags:
comments powered by Disqus

Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers Church
Willy Kaemena
Krak Des Chevaliers Entrance
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chavaliers- Crusader Castle
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers
Willy Kaemena
Students
SAMER YOUNES
Draykish
SAMER YOUNES
Aldelpe Spring
SAMER YOUNES
Between Tartus and Masyaf
Willy Kaemena
BMI AirbusA320
yunzen liu
the confluence of the Yaluzhangbu River 2. and Niyang River Nyingchi Tibet
Monika Moser Nagy
Red Factory in Zürich
Massimo Storari
Climbing Kongoryn Els - MONGOLIA
Martin Broomfield
Eruption at Anak Krakatoa
Thomas Schwarz
Fruit Meadows Wiesbaden Kloppenheim Winter Germany
claudio-agostini
Torbole - Christmas 2010
Jan Koehn
Winter Tree
Marek Koszorek
Climbing on Slieve Bearnagh
Martin Hertel
Wintertime
Massimo Storari
On the Way to Naiman Nuur - MONGOLIA
Marcio Cabral
Rainbow bridge
Marcio Cabral
Bossetti Falls
Willy Kaemena
Bremen Christmas Market 2007
Willy Kaemena
Fort Santiago
Willy Kaemena
Barrio Recoleta
Willy Kaemena
Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle
Willy Kaemena
Sail 2010 Bremerhaven
Willy Kaemena
Buenos Aires Historical Tramway
Willy Kaemena
ICE3 Train 2nd Class
Willy Kaemena
Apartamento Buenos Aires
Willy Kaemena
Superliner Entrance
Willy Kaemena
Photo Studio theROOM Manila-Quezon City
Willy Kaemena
Taman Mera
Willy Kaemena
Winery - Jose Maria da Fonseca Vinhos, Azeitão
More About Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.