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Luk Chau Shan Rocks 鹿巢頂石林-鱷魚張口石-龍船石
香港

鹿巢山(英語:Luk Chau Shan),又名六巢山或鹿槽山[1],位於香港新界東北部沙田區馬鞍山昂平西北面的一座小山峰,座落於馬鞍山與石芽山之間。鹿巢山分東、西兩峰,三角網測站位於近富安花園的西峰,而在石壟仔舊村之上的東峰亦被稱為石壟仔,是以奇岩怪石而聞名的「鹿巢山石林」所在。石林鹿巢山石林主要分為三部分:其一是位於東峰山頂最易到達的「鹿巢頂石林」;其二是位於山西腹地廣達0.07平方公里的「石壟仔石林」;最後是在山之西北緣的「鹿巢坳石林」,統稱為「鹿巢山石林」。地質及岩石在1億3,000萬年前鹿巢山附近一座火山噴發,其噴發產物逐漸形成「粗粒晶屑含礫凝灰岩」或「火山礫凝灰岩」,被分類為「淺水灣火山岩群摩星嶺組」,岩石顆粒粗大不均,並含有大量火山角礫,這些大塊稜角形大岩屑極易風化破碎,在岩石巨礫面表面上形成凹槽,構成千姿百態、造型古怪的岩石。東峰的山脊向西北伸延,在山脊與南峰之間為一鞍形低凹地帶,有一條東北向斷層一直向北切過馬鞍山礦場露天採礦區的東側,斷層分隔開東南面的火山岩及西北面的花崗岩。鹿巢頂石林由馬鞍山郊遊徑與麥理浩徑第四段交接的馬鞍坳涼亭後的小路,沿南麓登上東峰峰頂,頂上岩群聚集,主要石景均在這裡,包括「龍船石」或「獨木舟石」、「鱷魚張口」、「蜥蝪望海」及「試劍石」等。龍船石鱷魚張口蜥蝪望海試劍石石壟仔石林可從東峰西坡下降或由石壟仔舊村村後上溯進入廣闊的石壟仔石林,這片「石頭叢林」是由層層疊疊的巨礫覆蓋著一兩條深達30米以上的山溝,與鹿巢頂石林的岩石同一類型,估計東峰過去是一個石崖,因構造運動的破壞和風化侵蝕,慢慢向西南面坍塌倒下,填滿石崖下的山溝,形成這片深不見底的天然石塊堆集區。

Copyright: Njohn
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6664x3332
上传: 20/03/2013
更新: 18/08/2014
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Tags: 鹿巢石林; 石壟仔石林; 鹿巢頂石林; 鹿巢山石林; 鱷魚張口石; 龍船石; the crocodile the dehisce stone; dragon boat stone; luk chau shan rocks
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Overview and HistoryHong Kong sits on the south coast of China, on the Pearl River Delta. It's got a population of more than seven million people and is one of the most densely populated places on earth. It also appears to be putting into place the template for population management, which cities around the world will be implementing as soon as they can afford it. More on that later.Archaeological evidence dates human activity beneath present-day Hong Kong back to the stone age. The area was first settled by people from the mainland during the Han dynasty, around the beginning of the common era (the P.C. term for when B.C. changed to A.D. Whoa!)For hundreds of years, Hong Kong was a small fishing community and haven for travelers, with a few pirates here and there. Then whitey showed up.Western influence reached China at the beginning of the 15th century, when all those great explorers in boats were cruising for loot in strange and mysterious places. Tea and silk were the commodities connecting eastern Europe to China, and Hong Kong was known as a safe harbor through which to pass. When you're carrying the Queen's tea, it's especially important to avoid ARRRRRRguments with pirates. Hyuk hyuk hyuk.Seriously folks -- in the eighteenth century Britain was doing a booming business with China, offering Indian opium to balance their extensive purchases of fine porcelains and everything else. The opium was ordained to be for medicinal purposes only, of course.Well, as you may imagine, the Chinese got sick of opium fiends junking up the place, so they attempted to stop the British suppliers, to no avail. The Opium Wars resulted and ended with China ceding Hong Kong to the British, in fear of their massive naval power. This took place in the year 1841.Colonization soon followed, Hong Kong shot up in value as an international port, and its population increased dramatically. In 1898 Britain acquired additional territories on a 99 year lease -- expiring in 1997. Does that year sound familiar? Read on.In the 20th century Hong Kong changed hands several times. The British surrendered it to Japan during World War Two, then took it back after Japan's defeat, then gave it to China later. Immediately following the war, Hong Kong served as a safe haven for hundreds of thousands of Chinese refugees, while the Chinese National Government was losing its civil war against communist leadership.The population of Hong Kong exploded as corporations seeking to escape Chinese isolationism arrived and set up shop. Cheap labor in the textile and manufacturing industries steadily built up the economy and ensured foreign investment. By the end of the 20th century Hong Kong had become a financial mammoth offering banking services to the world.In 1997 Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule with a few stipulations in place to guarantee its economic autonomy, as much as possible. The phrase "one country, two systems" was coined by the Chinese to describe the relationship between the mainland and Hong Kong.Getting ThereWell, where do you want to get to from the Hong Kong International Airport? There are ferries servicing six mainland ports in the Pearl River Delta Region. Airport Express Railway connects directly to downtown Hong Kong, and it has been rated the best airport in the world multiple times.The Airport Express Railway will get you into Hong Kong in about an hour, for $100. Public buses cost $10 and take a little longer. For direct service to your hotel you can take one of the hotel's private buses ($120+) or a taxi ($300+). As you can see, waiting time is optional for those who can afford it.Here's a little blurb on travel times, with further information for access to nearby cities (cross-boundary transport).TransportationGrab an Octopus card when you arrive. Octopus is the world's first electronic ticket-fare card system and the Hong Kong public transportation system is the world leader in people-moving. 90% of Hong Kongers get around on public transportation.Octopus covers the Airport Rail line, buses, ferries, the rapid-transit MTR network, supermarkets, fast food outlets, phone booths... It's how to get around the cashless economy.Nevermind the microchip built into it, you'll get used to having one of those on you at all times -- and soon they'll be internal! What do I mean? Many schools in Hong Kong even use the Octopus card to check attendance, because you read the card's data with an external scanner from a distance. This will the global norm soon. What if that chip is installed in your body? It's in the works baby!The hilly Hong Kong terrain also demands some special modes of transportation. If you've been to Pittsburgh, you may have some idea of how cool it is to ride a cable car up the side of a mountain, overlooking a majestic harbor and city. Multiply that by about ten thousand and you've got Hong Kong: vertical-travel trams, moving sidewalks, and the world's longest outdoor escalator system.People and CultureThe local currency is the Hong Kong dollar (HKD) which is pegged to the U.S. dollar. Official languages are Chinese and English.  You're on your own, baby!  Dive into the swarming, throbbing, pulsing, crawling and teeming mix!Things to do & RecommendationsThe Peak Tower and its shopping Galleria are the biggest tourist attraction in Hong Kong so don't miss it.Cool off in the Kowloon Park public indoor swimming pool!After that, go see what's happening at the Hong Kong Fringe Club, a non-profit organisation which puts together exhibitions for international artists and performers.Organize sports fans flock to the Hong Kong Stadium, but there's good news for disorganized sportistas too -- Mountain biking is now legal in the parks! Have at it, baby!All this excitement is going to make you hungry. Springtime is traditionally the time to celebrate seafood, summer is for fruits, and winter steams with hot pot soups to keep you warm.The best thing to do is go and find some dim sum. Dozens of plates of tasty small items, sort of like sushi but it's cooked, and the varieties are endless.Since you won't be able to walk down the street without complete and total sensory overload, I'll just whap in the Hong Kong tourist board's guide to dining and leave you to your intuition.Good luck, take it slow and above all -- DON'T SPIT OUT YOUR CHEWING GUM ON THE SIDEWALK. Gum is legal but there's a $500 fine for intentional littering. Enjoy!Text by Steve Smith.