The port of Tangier is about to become one of the most dynamic ports across the
Euro-Mediterranean area. The valuing of exceptional locational qualities as
maritime crossroads between international shipping routes (Gibraltar Straits)
occurs in a context of exacerbated rivalries among Mediterranean transhipment
hubs (e.g. Algeciras, Valencia, Cagliari, Gioia Tauro, Taranto, and Marsaxlokk).
Locally and regionally, it is made possible through the physical separation
between the port city of Tangier and the new multifunctional site of Tangier Med,
located 30 km eastwards. This paper recalls briefly the main historical steps of
Tangier’s development since its origins. Then, it reviews its recent evolution on
three different geographic levels: the one of maritime flows and international port
competition, the one of regional integration of Tangier in the Moroccan and
Maghreb transport systems, and the local issues of port-city redevelopment both
within the traditional city and at the new site of Tangier Med. Some concluding
remarks aim at linking together these three levels of analysis in terms of the
possible futures of this ambitious project.
Welcome to Africa, AKA the motherland! Check out African Internet Radio while you're scoping the panoramas.The earliest fossil of the homo sapiens family (human beings) was found in Ethiopia, dating back more than 200,000 years. Compared to this length of time, even the "ancient Sumerians" from 6000 B.C. are drooling toddlers.Let's mention a few African heroes you may have heard of, for inspiration in the face of the continued economic inequality and violence which plague Africa today: Nelson Mandela, first democratically elected President of South Africa, who fought against apartheid and served 27 years in prison while advocating freedom and peace. Haile Salassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, who resisted Mussolini and the fascist Italian invasion of WWII, and who is worshipped as an incarnation of God by the Rastafari movement. Kwame Nkrumah, first Prime Minister of Ghana, advocate of uniting Africa in Pan-Africanism. Fela Kuti, inventor of Afrobeat music, who declared his home to be an independent state, ran for president of Nigeria, and to whose funeral ONE MILLION PEOPLE came to pay their respects.In June 2001 the African Union was formed, consisting of 53 African States organized, like in the EU, around common economic and political development.Text by Steve Smith.