龙华寺-龙华塔 Longhua Temple - Long Huata
摄影师 EXPERT MAESTRO
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全景摄影师 jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO 日期和时间 06:37, 04/12/2007 - Views loading...

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龙华寺-龙华塔 Longhua Temple - Long Huata

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 上海

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龙华寺位于上海徐汇区的龙华镇,是上海地区历史最久、规模最大的古刹。相传龙华寺始建于三国,吴王孙权为其母所修,距今已有1700多年的历史,现存寺院为清光绪年间重建。如今的龙华寺早已成为了以古寺、古塔、龙华庙会、龙华晚钟构成的宗教旅游胜地。
龙华寺内景色幽静,殿宇巍峨,金碧钩耀,禅韵庄严凝重。寺内殿堂齐整,布局合理,主要建筑有:钟楼、鼓楼、弥勒殿、天王殿、大雄宝殿、三圣殿等。第一殿为弥勒殿,殿的正中供奉着弥勒菩萨。这里供奉的弥勒像和其他寺庙一样,相传是中国五代时的布袋和尚(名契此)形象,袒露胸膛,笑口常开;第二殿为天王殿,殿两侧是身高4米的四大天王像,面貌圆盛,姿态端严。与别的寺庙天王殿不同的是,这里还供奉着一尊天冠弥勒像;第三殿为大雄宝殿,是寺内的主殿。殿中供奉三尊金身“华严三圣”。正中是毗卢遮那佛,又称法身佛。左边是文殊菩萨,顶结五髻,身骑狮子,表示智慧威猛。右边是普贤菩萨,身骑白象,以示尊贵。殿内还陈列一口明朝万历十四年(1586年)铸造的寺钟。 
寺内钟楼之上悬有一口清光绪二十年(1894年)铸造的青龙铜钟,高约2米,重达13000斤。每年年底,都会有“迎新年撞龙华晚钟”活动,吸引了大量游客。

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A: 龙华烈士陵园 Dragon China martyrs' cemetery

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处770远

龙华烈士陵园,1927年(民国16年)3月,国民党淞沪警备司令部(初为上海警备司令部)在龙华镇设立后,杀害和囚禁无数共产党人和革命志土。1927年“四一二”反革命政变后,被杀害的有中共早期重要领导人和优...

龙华烈士陵园 Dragon China martyrs' cemetery

B: Meiyong2

摄影师岳伦-YUE LUN, 距离此全景1.5

美雍家具,美雍家居。

Meiyong2

C: 上海徐家汇天主教堂

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景1.6

上海徐家汇天主教堂

E: 上海徐家汇夜景 The night of Xujiahui

摄影师ZZ, 距离此全景2.1

上海徐家汇夜景 The night of Xujiahui

F: Xiujiahui

摄影师Maurizio Romano, 距离此全景2.2

Xiujiahui

G: Shanghai Expo_ Houtan Beach Square

摄影师Ji Guoliang, 距离此全景2.4

This pano was took in Shanghai Expo Houtan Beach square.Shanghai Expo was opened at May 1st, attracte...

Shanghai Expo_ Houtan Beach Square

H: 2010shanghaiexpo 007

摄影师Hu YaoMing (VR蛟龍), 距离此全景2.4

2010shanghaiexpo 007

I: Shanghai Expo Africas 11

摄影师Rust 360, 距离此全景2.4

Expo 2010, officially Expo 2010 Shanghai China is being held on both banks of the Huangpu River in th...

Shanghai Expo Africas 11

J: Shanghai Expo_Long corridor

摄影师Ji Guoliang, 距离此全景2.5

This pano was took in Shanghai Expo Long corridor.Shanghai Expo was opened at May 1st, attracted the ...

Shanghai Expo_Long corridor

此全景拍摄于上海

这是一个概述上海

Overview and History

In contrast to the long and deep history of most Chinese cities, the story of Shanghai is rather short and to the point. It began as a fishing village, got rich, and suddenly became the biggest city in China.

Let's see what's at the bottom of it all. Archaeological digs around Shanghai show artifacts dating to the Neolithic Period six thousand years ago, giving evidence of hunters, fishermen and early farmers. During the period of warring states in ancient China, Shanghai was nothing more than a little fishing village. Around the year 200 AD, in the Han Dynasty, Shanghai developed industries of salt production, casting coins and other metallurgic processes.

Over the next five centuries Shanghai grew and became a major food producer for southern China, gathering population and increasing its trading. After the nearby Wusong river filled with silt, Shanghai found a niche as a shipping port and attracted a much wider range of traffickers.

The town of Shanghai was officially established in 1267 AD amidst a swarm of merchant ships doing business. It became one of only seven maritime shipping headquarters in the whole of China.

Industrial development of cotton and textiles combined with the transportation capacity of the port to make Shanghai into the largest cotton producer in the country. International trade began along with the carriage trade along the Yangtze River.

A Customs Office was established in 1685 to collect import taxes in response to the growing arrival of foreign ships. By the nineteenth century Shanghai was a paradise of international trade in textiles, porcelain and industrial raw materials with a large service economy of banking, printing, architecture and pharmaceuticals.

This set the stage for the Opium Wars of the nineteenth Century. The British were doing a booming business taking opium from India and selling it in China, to offset their transportation costs of whatever they wanted to bring back from the "far east." They were annoyed at both the high Chinese import taxes and the prohibition of opium import in the middle of this "Adventurer's Paradise".

Understandably, the Chinese didn't like drug-dealing foreigners turning all their people into addicts! Opium was first used in its medical capacity for stopping diarrhea, but the pharmacists of the day prescribed it everywhere in the world as a cure-all for almost any symptom. By the seventeenth century, thousands of Chinese opium addicts along with a serious smuggling trade had arrived in China's cities. This was the fundamental conflict that led to the Opium Wars of the 1840's and 50's.

Bang! The British had the naval power, China had the ports and desirable location. In the end, a series of treaties left Britain with Hong Kong and China with limitations on how they could rule even their own territory! Other ports and borders were soon opened to international trade and the precedent for the next one hundred years was set. This period is referred to by the Chinese as the time of unequal treaties; their amazing economic growth in recent years is a testament to their long memory of it.

The twentieth century found Shanghai still growing with modern industry and improved production techniques in its factories. The Republic of China was founded in 1912 and in 1927 Shanghai was proclaimed to be a special municipality. It had a Chinese Section, the International Settlement and the French Concession.

Japanese airplanes bombed Shanghai in 1932 and occupied the city as of 1937. They stayed until 1945 when, at the close of WWII, the Communist Party of China regained control of Shanghai. When the Communist party took over in 1949 and closed the borders to foreign investment, the economic development of Shanghai slowed dramatically. Most foreign investors withdrew and moved their offices to Hong Kong. The People's Republic of China ended Shanghai's status as the most cosmopolitan city in China.

Getting There

Fly into Shanghai at one of its two airports, Pudong or Hongqiao. The Pudong airport is connected to the city via the world's first maglev train -- that's a magnetic levitation system where the train doesn't have wheels. It covers the 30km distance in a matter of seven minutes, whooooosh!

Transportation

Public transportation within Shanghai is extensive and well-developed. There are buses, trolleys, taxis and a growing metro system. Their version of a monthly pass is the Shanghai Public Transportation Card. It uses radio frequencies to communicate with the scanner without any physical contact! There's a little microchip in the card that does it as you walk through the entrance. It's an interesting technology which is adaptable to being implanted within humans, too.

The bus system is the most extensive in the world with almost one thousand different lines. Use of the public transport is encouraged by a limited number of vehicle license plates and also gradual restrictions on bicycle riding.

People and Culture

Shanghai's rapid growth has filled it with ambitious people at a high population density. It can feel crowded and competitive just as any other large city like New York or London. Shanghai's art and culture has the reputation of lagging behind its financial growth, however, artists are working to create world-class contributions to represent their city.

Things to do, Recommendations

The Bund is on top of the list of must-see Shanghai spots. It's got a great collection of 20th Century buildings from the time when Shanghai was the financial center of foreign investment.

Stop in at the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum for a look at some of the more recent progress after the Bund.

The Shanghai East arts center is an important symbolic and cultural center which, when seen from above, blooms out from its center like a flower with five petals. It's got the most advanced technical setup of any theater facility in the country and perhaps, the world.

It's not all high-tech, don't worry. Shanghai has some beautiful gardens like this one, the Yuyuan Garden, where you can rest your eyes and refresh your spirits among the balance of nature.

Here you go, the moment you've all been waiting for! It's the Oriental Pearl Broadcasting & TV Tower, second tallest in Asia and fourth tallest in the entire world, behind only the Eiffel Tower in annual visitor numbers! This is the place above all else from which to view Shanghai. Enjoy!

Text by Steve Smith.

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