Summer Palace
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全景摄影师 李北葵 日期和时间 19:10, 03/05/2013 - Views loading...

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Summer Palace

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 北京

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This photo was took at Kunming Lake in Summer Palace, Beijing.

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在附近的图片北京

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A: 北京理工大学体育馆-赛场-2007

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处900远

北京理工大学体育馆总建筑面积22632m2(改造体育馆:21882 m2,新建热身馆750 m2),主要工程任务为对原体育馆进行改造和新建一个临时热身场馆,主要功能为满足2008年奥运会排球预赛场地及残...

北京理工大学体育馆-赛场-2007

B: 北京理工大学排球预赛场馆-南看台

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处910远

北京理工大学体育馆总建筑面积22632平方米(改造体育馆:21882平方米,新建热身馆750平方米),主要工程任务为对原体育馆进行改造和新建一个临时热身场馆,主要功能为满足2008年奥运会排球预赛场地及...

北京理工大学排球预赛场馆-南看台

C: 北京理工大学体育馆;Beijing Institute of Technology stadium

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景1.4

北京理工大学体育馆总建筑面积22632m2(改造体育馆:21882 m2,新建热身馆750 m2),主要工程任务为对原体育馆进行改造和新建一个临时热身场馆,主要功能为满足2008年奥运会排球预赛场地及残...

北京理工大学体育馆;Beijing Institute of Technology stadium

D: Shangri-La Hotel, Beijing

摄影师Yasushi Kishimoto, 距离此全景1.9

Shangri-La Hotel, Beijing

E: 北京万寿寺-无量殿;Beijing Wanshou Temple - immeasurable palace

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景2.0

万寿寺是一处清幽、肃穆的皇家庙宇,历经明清几代皇朝的大规模兴建,最终形成了集寺庙、行宫、园林于一体的皇家佛教胜地,曾是清代皇家祝寿庆典的重要场所。1985年,北京艺术博物馆建立于此,正式对外开放。万寿寺...

北京万寿寺-无量殿;Beijing Wanshou Temple - immeasurable palace

F: 北京万寿寺-山门,Beijing Wanshou Temple - entrance

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景2.1

万寿寺是一处清幽、肃穆的皇家庙宇,历经明清几代皇朝的大规模兴建,最终形成了集寺庙、行宫、园林于一体的皇家佛教胜地,曾是清代皇家祝寿庆典的重要场所。1985年,北京艺术博物馆建立于此,正式对外开放。万寿寺...

北京万寿寺-山门,Beijing Wanshou Temple - entrance

G: Zhongguancun, Beijing, China

摄影师黃逸樂, 距离此全景2.5

Zhongguancun, Beijing, China

Zhongguancun, Beijing, China

H: 五塔寺-金刚宝座塔;Five tower temple - Jin'gang throne tower

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景3.0

北京五塔寺又名真觉寺,始建于明永乐年间。永乐初年,印度高僧班迪来华,向明成祖献金佛像五尊和金刚宝座规式。成祖封他为国师,并为他建了此寺。 真觉寺有塔五座,为金刚宝座规格。塔建于高台(即金刚宝座)之上,五...

五塔寺-金刚宝座塔;Five tower temple - Jin'gang throne tower

I: 五塔寺-大雄宝殿遗址;Five tower temple - Sakyamuni valuable palace ruins

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景3.0

北京五塔寺又名真觉寺,始建于明永乐年间。永乐初年,印度高僧班迪来华,向明成祖献金佛像五尊和金刚宝座规式。成祖封他为国师,并为他建了此寺。 真觉寺有塔五座,为金刚宝座规格。塔建于高台(即金刚宝座)之上,五...

五塔寺-大雄宝殿遗址;Five tower temple - Sakyamuni valuable palace ruins

J: 五塔寺-金刚宝座(南边);Five tower temple - Jin'gang throne (south side)

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景3.0

北京五塔寺又名真觉寺,始建于明永乐年间。永乐初年,印度高僧班迪来华,向明成祖献金佛像五尊和金刚宝座规式。成祖封他为国师,并为他建了此寺。 真觉寺有塔五座,为金刚宝座规格。塔建于高台(即金刚宝座)之上,五...

五塔寺-金刚宝座(南边);Five tower temple - Jin'gang throne (south side)

此全景拍摄于北京

这是一个概述北京

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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