Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle
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全景摄影师 Willy Kaemena PRO EXPERT MAESTRO 日期和时间 12:10, 08/12/2006 - Views loading...


Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle

世界 > 亚洲 > Middle East > Syria

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Wikipedia: "Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: [kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]) (Arabic: قلعة الحصن‎), also Crac des Chevaliers, is a Crusader castle in Syria and one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was first inhabited in the 11th century by a settlement of Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It became known as Crac de l'Ospital; the name Krak des Chevaliers was coined in the 19th century.

The Hospitallers began rebuilding the castle in the 1140s and were finished by 1170 when an earthquake damaged the castle. The order controlled a number of castles along the border of the County of Tripoli, a state founded after the First Crusade. Krak des Chevaliers was amongst the most important and acted as a centre of administration as well as a military base. After a second phase of building was undertaken in the 13th century, Krak des Chevaliers became a concentric castle. This phase created the outer wall and gave the castle its current appearance. The first half of the century has been described as Krak des Chevaliers' "golden age". At its peak, Krak des Chevaliers housed a garrison of around 2,000. Such a large garrison allowed the Hospitallers to extract tribute from a wide area. From the 1250s the fortunes of the Knights Hospitaller took a turn for the worse and in 1271 Krak des Chevaliers was captured by the Mamluk Sultan Baibars after a siege lasting 36 days.

Renewed interest in Crusader castles in the 19th century led to the investigation of Krak des Chevaliers, and architectural plans were drawn up. In the late 19th or early 20th century a settlement had been created within the castle, causing damage to its fabric. The 500 inhabitants were moved in 1933 and the castle was given over to the French state, under which a programme of clearing and restoration was carried out. When Syria declared independence in 1946, the castle left French control. Krak des Chevaliers is located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of the city of Homs, close to the border of Lebanon, and is administratively part of the Homs Governorate. Since 2006, the castles of Krak des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din have been recognised by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site."

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A: Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处10远

Winter sun over Krak des Chevaliers the largest and best preserved Crusader Castle in Syria.  Dec. 20...

Krak des Chevaliers Crusader Castle

B: Krak des Chevaliers

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处30远

Group of syrian students on top of one of the towers of the crusader castle

Krak des Chevaliers

C: Krak des Chevaliers Church

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处50远

Gothic church within the crusader castleWikipedia: "Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: [kʁak ...

Krak des Chevaliers Church

D: Krak des Chevaliers

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处50远

Most important and best preserved Crusader Castle in the region

Krak des Chevaliers

E: Krak Des Chevaliers Entrance

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处60远

Wikipedia: "Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: [kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]) (Arabic: قلعة الحصن‎), als...

Krak Des Chevaliers Entrance

F: Krak des Chevaliers

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处70远

Between the massive inner and outer wall of the crusader castle

Krak des Chevaliers

G: Krak des Chavaliers- Crusader Castle

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处70远

Wikipedia: "Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: [kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]) (Arabic: قلعة الحصن‎), als...

Krak des Chavaliers- Crusader Castle

H: Students

摄影师Willy Kaemena, 距离此处90远

When I visited the crusader castle Krak des Chevalliers enar Homs in Syria in Dec. 2006, I met this g...


I: Draykish

摄影师SAMER YOUNES, 距离此全景21.9


J: Aldelpe Spring

摄影师SAMER YOUNES, 距离此全景22.1

Aldelpe Spring

此全景拍摄于Syria, Middle East

这是一个概述Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.