0 Likes

Dan-Bi Bridge 海墁大道 (1237)
北京

海墁大道:

      丹陛桥也叫海墁大道。始建于明永乐十八年(1420年),是一座巨大漫长的砖石平台,因其下面有两孔涵洞而称桥。

      1976年丹陛桥改建时,桥面城砖被拆除,代之以水泥方砖。2007年6月8日至9月30日天坛丹陛桥进行了恢复历史原貌的修缮。修缮工程根据旧有的照片和历史文献资料,采用城砖海墁的传统形制、材料和工艺,恢复其历史原貌。本次用14万块城砖打造出丹陛桥清末原貌。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8262x4131
上传: 10/01/2014
更新: 08/08/2014
观看次数:

...


Tags: altar
comments powered by Disqus

Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar Cheng-zhen door 成贞门 (1249)
Dxinwei
The echo wall 回音壁 (1315)
Dxinwei
Red Stairway Bridge 丹陛桥 (1231)
Dxinwei
Temple of Heaven 天坛 (1291)
Dxinwei
Triple Sound Stone 三音石 (1309)
yunzen liu
北京 世界文化遗产 UNESCO天坛——北京十大必游景点 皇穹宇 回音壁
jacky cheng
The imperial Vault of Heaven-2008
Dxinwei
Imperial Vault of Heaven 皇穹宇 (1303)
jacky cheng
Temple of Heaven - area at top of palace steps bridge-2008
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-North Lingxing Gate 北棂星门 (1321)
Dxinwei
Clothes Changing Platform 具服台 (1225)
jacky cheng
天坛-圜丘台-2008
Scott Knauss
La Fattoria Wine Cellar
H. Adi Saputra
Iwami ginzan UNESCO World Heritage Japan
Flemming V. Larsen
The Wood Blewit - Lepista Nuda in Mindeparken
Honza Kudr
Val da Cam - Vicosoprano, Switzerland
Sergej Esnault
Plateau Bukre Area 3000 metres above sea level - Yemen
Honza Kudr
Val da Cam - Vicosoprano, Switzerland
dieter kik
Port Rhu Douarnenez
Christof Martin - pfalz360.de
Philharmonie Luxembourg
Valentin Arfire
Fotovest Meeting 14 11 2009
Hans Molenkamp
Deak Square
Michele Volpicella
Piazzetta 18 luglio 1866
Frank Luetgenau
Oberhausen mond
Dxinwei
Palace Market Street, Northgate 宫市街北門 (702 )
Dxinwei
Chancery mansion, Xiaoyao Zhai 尚书府-逍遥斋 (637)
Dxinwei
Wuxi Fairy Island 同心锁(169)
Dxinwei
Zhongwu big Bridge 中吴大桥 (301043)
Dxinwei
Anji Daxi Changlong Shan 小梁山 (433)
Dxinwei
Guo Moruo — Ginkgo-郭沫若《银杏》三(007)
Dxinwei
Tianning Temple 寺院外停车场(175)
Dxinwei
Huzhou City river night views 滨河之夜 (553)
Dxinwei
Anji deep mountain col 幽邃山坞 (133)
Dxinwei
New Fourth Army Headquarters新四军军部-种墨园(103)
Dxinwei
High-speed Rail Station North Park高铁北站公园(212)
Dxinwei
Labrang Monastery拉卜楞寺(055)
More About 北京

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.