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The Circular Mound Altar-Firewood Stove 燔柴炉 (1357)
北京

燔柴炉:

      圜丘坛内外壝墙之间的东南角,有一个绿色琉璃砖砌成的圆形砖炉称为“燔柴炉”,是用来焚烧供品用的。燔柴炉的北侧放置了八个燎炉,是给清朝前八位皇帝焚烧供品的。燔柴炉和燎炉之间有一口井,是用来存祭品血液用的。祭品是在宰牲亭内准备好献祭用的牲畜,皇帝在举行“大祭”时要对这炉内的烧祭品行注目礼——“望燎”。

      燔柴炉,高9尺,直径7尺,圆形,东、西、南三面各有台阶九级。祭天大典开始时,先将一只刳净牛犊置于柴炉上,掌燎官点燃燔柴炉,以通达天神,称“燔柴迎帝神”。祀典告成,将从正位幄次撤下的牲牢、祝版、祝帛等祭品投放进燔柴炉。燔柴炉西侧设望燎位称为“望燎”。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8378x4189
上传: 10/01/2014
更新: 08/08/2014
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Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. 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