大观园-省亲别墅-顾恩思义殿
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全景摄影师 jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO 日期和时间 03:33, 21/08/2006 - Views loading...

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大观园-省亲别墅-顾恩思义殿

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 北京

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大观园是一座再现中国古典文学名著《红楼梦》中“大观园”景观的仿古园林,位于宣武区南菜园(市区西南隅护城河畔)。原址为明清两代皇家菜园,明代曾在此设“嘉疏署”。

1984年为拍摄电视剧《红楼梦》,经红学家、古建筑家、园林学家和清史专家共同商讨,按作者在书中的描述,采用中国古典建筑的技法和传统的造园艺术手法建造。园中的园林建筑、山形水系、植物造景、小品点缀等,均力图忠实于原著的时代风尚和细节描写,《红楼梦》中的大观园是为贾府大小姐元春而建的省亲别墅,因此园中定期举办“元妃省亲”古装表演。

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在附近的图片北京

map

A: 大观园-大观楼 Prospect Garden - Daguan Bldg.

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此处130远

大观园是一座再现中国古典文学名著《红楼梦》中“大观园”景观的仿古园林,位于宣武区南菜园(市区西南隅护城河畔)。原址为明清两代皇家菜园,明代曾在此设“嘉疏署”。1984年为拍摄电视剧《红楼梦》,经红学家、...

大观园-大观楼 Prospect Garden - Daguan Bldg.

B: Beijing Grand View Park Temple Fair(北京大觀園廟會)

摄影师黃志全, 距离此处510远

Each Spring Festival, Temple fair will be held at Grand View Park(or Daguanyuan), a replica of the ma...

Beijing Grand View Park Temple Fair(北京大觀園廟會)

C: Beijing Grand View Garden Temple Fair(北京大觀園廟會2)

摄影师黃志全, 距离此处520远

 Each Spring Festival, Temple fair will be held at Grand View Park(or Daguanyuan), a replica of the m...

Beijing Grand View Garden Temple Fair(北京大觀園廟會2)

D: Beijing-South Moat北京-南护城河(1441)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此全景1.1

Beijing-South Moat北京-南护城河(1441)

E: Beijing-Kaiyang Road北京-开阳路(1447)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此全景1.1

Beijing-Kaiyang Road北京-开阳路(1447)

I: Taoran Pavilion Park陶然亭公园-湖心亭(1429)

摄影师Dxinwei, 距离此全景1.5

Taoran Pavilion Park陶然亭公园-湖心亭(1429)

J: 陶然亭公园-云绘楼;The carefree pavilion park - cloud draws the building

摄影师jacky cheng, 距离此全景1.6

陶然亭公园位于北京市南二环陶然桥西北侧。全园总面积59公顷,其中水面17公顷。1952年建园。它是中华人民共和国建国后,首都北京最早兴建的一座现代园林。其地为燕京名胜,素有“都门胜地”之誉,年代久远,史...

陶然亭公园-云绘楼;The carefree pavilion park - cloud draws the building

此全景拍摄于北京

这是一个概述北京

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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