The Mausoleum of the Serbian Royal Fa...
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全景摄影师 Saša Stojanović EXPERT 日期和时间 15:38, 03/06/2012 - Views loading...

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The Mausoleum of the Serbian Royal Family [Oplenac]

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The initial idea of King Peter I was to carve into the walls the names of all soldiers and officers who had perished in the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913. But, since the church was not fully completed, and since First World War followed (1914-1918), this idea had to be abandoned. The solution was to decorate the interior of the temple with mosaics, which would be a sort of a museum of reproductions of the prettiest frescoes of the Serbian medieval arts. Copies from 60 Serbian medieval churches and monasteries had been brought to the St. George church at Oplenac. The entire mosaic has 725 painted compositions (513 in the temple and 212 in the crypt), on which there are 1500 figures. The entire area of the mosaic is 3,500 square metres (38,000 sq ft); with 40 million various coloured pieces of glass which have 15 thousand different varieties of colour, making the most vivid artistic impression.

To the right side of the entrance, on the entire southern wall of the narthex, is the Painting of the Trustee, of King Peter I holding the model of his church on the palm of his left hand, wearing a crown and coronation ornaments. With his right hand, he is guided by St. George, to whom the temple is dedicated, and shown approaching the Mother of God, greeting him with Christ sitting on the throne.
Tomb of King Peter I of Serbia.
Tomb of Black George.

In the southern apse is the Gallery of the Serbian Medieval Rulers, an impressive line-up, with every one of them represented by their respective churches. The first on the left is Stefan Nemanja (Grand Duke, ruled from 1168 to 1196), wearing a priest garb of the Hilandar monastery, holding the Studenica monastery. Then, there is King Stefan the First Crowned (1196-1227) with the model of the Žiča monastery, then King Stefan Radoslav (1227–1234) with the narthex of Studenica monastery, followed by King Stefan Vladislav (1234–1243) with the Mileševa monastery, then King Stefan Uroš I (1243–1276) with the Sopoćani monastery; King Stefan Dragutin with the Arilje monastery (1276–1282), King Stefan Milutin (1282–1322) with the Gračanica monastery, King Stefan Dečanski (1322-1331) with the Visoki Dečani monastery, and two Tsars – Dušan The Mighty (1331-1355) with the Prizren church of St. Archangels; and Uroš The Weak (1355–1371), with the Matejić monastery near Kumanovo. The next depicted ruler, titled formally as Prince and informally as Tsar, was Lazar of Serbia(1371-1389) with the Ravanica monastery, his son Despot Stefan (1389–1427) with the Manasija monastery, followed by Despot Đurađ, with the church of Smederevo.

In the very calotte of the main dome is the Pantocrator (the Almighty Jesus Christ), copy of the thorax found in the Gračanica monastery. The face of Christ, 27 metres from the floor of the temple, looks very impressive and is of proportional dimensions. Although the diameter of this painting is 9 metres (29 ft) long, and although just the finger of Christ is 1.5 metres (5 ft) long, and the nose is 1.2 metres (4 ft) long, everything is harmonious. In the altar are the frescoes Lord's Supper and The way to the Golgotha. In the altar niche there is the 5-metre (16 ft) tall figure of the Divine Mother of God in a praying position (copy of the fresco from the Peć Patriarchate). Also, there is the Secret of the Holy Communion and the Communion of the Apostles with Bread and Wine.

These are just some of the compositions that make the rich interior of the church.

Besides the Mausoleum (St. George church), there are other objects that encompass the Foundation of King Peter I – King Peter's House, King’s villa, Queen’s villa, Vineyards, Vineyard Keeper’s House, etc. Visitors can also visit the historic town of Topola located nearby, a traditional stronghold of the Karađorđević family, ever since the time of Karađorđe, Leader of the First Serbian Uprising of 1804. There they can see what remains of the old Topola town, Karađorđe’s church and Karađorđe’s monument.

Text: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oplenac

Photo: Saša Stojanović

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在附近的图片Serbia

map

A: In the crypt of St. George Church in Oplenac, Serbia

摄影师Bane Obradović, 距离此地不超过10 米

In the crypt of St. George Church in Oplenac, Serbia

B: Oplenac, St. George Church

摄影师Ninoslav Adzibaba, 距离此处10远

Church of St. George in Oplenac is the foundation of King Petar I Karadjordjevic and royal mausoleum ...

Oplenac, St. George Church

C: Crypt of the St. George's Church, Oplenac, Topola

摄影师Bane Obradović, 距离此处10远

Crypt of the St. George's Church, Oplenac, Topola

D: St George's Church, Topola,, Serbia

摄影师Bane Obradović, 距离此处10远

St George's Church, Topola,, Serbia

E: Royal Mausoleum [Oplenac]

摄影师Saša Stojanović, 距离此处40远

The mausoleumApart from the two tombs inside the church (Karađorđe’s in the southern apse; and King P...

Royal Mausoleum [Oplenac]

F: Karadjordje's mansion [Topola]

摄影师Saša Stojanović, 距离此处730远

Karadjordje's mansion  [Topola]

G: Karadjordje's mansion [Topola]

摄影师Saša Stojanović, 距离此处740远

Karadjordje's mansion  [Topola]

H: Karađorđev konak [Topola]

摄影师Saša Stojanović, 距离此处760远

Karađorđev konak [Topola]

I: Karadjordje monument in Topola

摄影师Saša Stojanović, 距离此处760远

Karadjordje monument in Topola

J: Vladika Nikolaj Velimirovic street [Topola]

摄影师Saša Stojanović, 距离此处880远

Vladika Nikolaj Velimirovic street [Topola]

此全景拍摄于Serbia, Europe

这是一个概述Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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