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全景摄影师 Ukraine EXPERT 日期和时间 06:22, 20/05/2013 - Views loading...


The National Botanical Garden. NN Grishko National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

世界 > Europe > Ukraine > Kiev

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Botanical Gardens in Kiev - is one of the most beautiful places in Ukraine. Here you can see both artists and writers, and students who are inspired by the vibrant energy that radiates nature.

Botanical Garden was founded in 1935 by Academician Alexander Fomin. The garden is built on the historic place Menagerie. Once this part was inhabited by dense forests, and often came here Kievan princes. Just before there was a country palace of the Grand Dukes - Red courtyard.

Now botanical garden is a natural-reserved fund of Ukraine. Often there are conducting research on conservation.

Official site:

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A: Vladimirsky sobor in Kiev, Ukraine

摄影师Oleg Byadretdinov, 距离此处230远

Vladimirsky sobor in Kiev, Ukraine

B: St. Volodymyr's Cathedral (Kiev)

摄影师Malinnikov Ruslan, 距离此处240远

Wikipedia article:'s_Cathedral 

St. Volodymyr's Cathedral (Kiev)

C: Vladimir Cathedral In Kyiv

摄影师Alex Maksiov, 距离此处270远

Interior view of St. Vladimir's Cathedral in Kiev

Vladimir Cathedral In Kyiv

D: Volodymyrsky Cathedral

摄影师Andrew Usatyuk, 距离此处280远

Volodymyrsky Cathedral

E: Saint Vladimir Cathedral - Kiev - Ukraine

摄影师Sergej Esnault, 距离此处280远

Saint Vladimir Cathedral - Kiev - Ukraine

F: St. Volodymyr Cathedral

摄影师Clement Celma, 距离此处280远

St. Volodymyr Cathedral

G: The monument to Nikolai Shchors

摄影师Ukraine, 距离此处410远

Controversial and the most controversial monument, which is delivered in 1954. Is dedicated to Nikola...

The monument to Nikolai Shchors

H: Principal ("Red") Building of Kyiv University (Kiev)

摄影师Malinnikov Ruslan, 距离此处430远

Kyiv University or officially the National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv (Ukrainian: Київський ...

Principal ("Red") Building of Kyiv University (Kiev)


摄影师Malinnikov Ruslan, 距离此处530远

J: Shevchenko park, Kiev, Ukraine

摄影师Alexander Saranchuk, 距离此处530远

One of Kiev's oldest parks is Shevchenko Park, which is located near the Priemer Palace Hotel. Opposi...

Shevchenko park, Kiev, Ukraine



Overview and History

Kiev is situated on the river Dnieper, which was one of the most important navigation arteries in Europe and part of the ancient trade route "from Varangiants to the Greeks."

The legend of Kiev starts with three brothers -- Kiy, Scheck and Khoriv. Their sister was named Lybid. Kiy came to live on the mountain which has now become the Borichev slope; Scheck settled on the Shechekavitska mountain, and Khoriv lived on the mountain now called Khorevitska. They built a town and named it after the oldest brother. There was a forest full of animals in all directions. They were wise and clever in the way they built Kiev into a city, and the people there were called Polians.

This forms the base of what city calls itself "the Mother of all Slavic cities," the place which claims to be the spiritual center of the Russian Empire. Kievan Rus was the center of Slavic civilization in the early medieval times, changing from an outpost of the Khazar empire into one of the worlds largest cities for its time. During this period Kiev was ruled by the Vanangian nobility; however, it was attacked and beseiged in the 10th century with the beginning of a series of invasions.

Kiev has been invaded more times than most places in Europe. Several Russian princes captured and burned Kiev and Mongolian raiders completely destroyed the city in the 13th century. Powerful neighbors like the Grand Ducky of Lithuania, Poland and then Russia held sway over Kiev's prosperity until the industrial revolution.

Ukraine gradually lost its autonomy during the nineteenth century while Russian migration and administration changed the face of Kiev. Folk art and traditions continued under the surface but Russian landmarks such as railroads, architecture and educational facilities stole the spotlight.

Following the Russian Revolution in 1917 Kiev became an important city of the Ukranian Soviet Socialist Republic and was named its capital in 1934. The city was significantly damaged during WWII but recovered quickly, becoming the third largest city in the Soviet Union.

The Ukraine gained its independence in 1991 and Kiev remains its capital.

Getting There

There are two main airports in Kiev, Borispol International Airport and Zhuliany. Zhuliany handles domestic flights around Ukraine. Borispol International is about 38km from the city and you can reach it by bus or metro. "Boryspilska" is the name of the airport metro station.


Taxis are plentiful in Kiev but not cheap, and tourists get hassled at the airport. Rumor is that everyone with a car in Kiev is a potential taxi driver, and they will charge pedestrians less than the taxi will.

Other options for getting around are the minibus, trolley, tram and metro. Remember to stamp your ticket in the machine on the trolleys and trams!

The first tram system in Kiev was built in 1892, making it one of the first ones in the whole world. Nowadays the metro is the main mode of transportation for most people.

People and Culture

The dominant religion here is Orthodox Christianity. Holidays are divided into two groups, religious and public ones. New Year is the the most popular holiday of the year, moreso even than Christmas. Popular public holidays are Independence Day, International Women's Day. The orthodox religious holidays have their own unique character apart from the Catholic ones.

If someone invites you to their home, it's always a good idea to bring something small like a bottle of wine, or chocolates. If you decide to bring flowers, make sure you count them! Do NOT bring an even number of flowers and don't shake hands in the doorway, come all the way inside first. Be ready to take your shoes off when you go inside, also. A little local customs management goes a loooong way.

Things to do, Recommendations

St. Andrew's Descent is the heart of Kiev's artistic commununity and it makes a big attraction for tourists seeking traditional Ukrainian arts and crafts. Originally it connected the Upper City's administrative section with the Podil, Lower City of merchants and artisans. It has long been host to festivals, concerts and galleries. Around St. Andrew's Cathedral. Have you heard of Gogol Bordello, the band? Its namesake Nikolay Gogol used to like walking around here.

There are many UNESCO world heritage sites here, like The Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves) and Saint Sophia Cathedral. St. Sophia's is still actively performing the Mass in addition to being a major tourist attraction.

Classical music venues are many: the Conservatoire, Philharmonic Society, House of Organ Music, Refectory in Lavra, International Centre of Culture and Arts, Ukrainian House.

The National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet is the oldest opera house in Ukraine, dating back to 1867. It saw performances of works by Tchaikovsky, Glinka, and Dargomyzhsky.

If you like being outside, you should visit the botanical gardens and the military museum with MIG-29 aircraft. Also there's the Pyrohiv village with its outdoor historical exhibit. This is officially called the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine. It has an area of 1.5 square kilometres which houses several "mini-villages" representing traditional Ukranian rural life.

Other places you should not miss are Independence Square, or Maidan Nezalezhnosti. It's thecentral square in Kiev, the main and the most beautiful one.

Kreschatik is the most famous and busiest street in Kiev. It is a wide boulevard with plenty of chestnut trees. It is hard to believe that some time ago on the site of Kreschatik used to be a valley and a river surrounded by forest. Nowadays it stretches from Europeiskaya Square to Bessarabskaya Square and contains trade buildings, bank departments and luxurious hotels.

For night life, try these recommendations: AVALON lounge bar, restaurant, disco, and casino halls. Avalon restaurant boasts an extensive list of oysters, fish and seafood and is designed like an underwater kingdom, complete with jellyfish chandeliers and mermaids. Avalon casino is one of the oldest and most prestigious gaming venues in Ukraine).

Text by Steve Smith.