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全景摄影师 Reza Pazhouhesh EXPERT 日期和时间 02:41, 26/04/2012 - Views loading...

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世界 > 亚洲 > Middle East > Iran

标签: lake

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在附近的图片Iran

map

A: ouraman

摄影师Reza Pazhouhesh, 距离此全景21.6

ouraman

B: Salar Saeed Museum.Sanandj.Iran

摄影师H Jafari, 距离此全景83.4

This building is one of the historical monuments of the Kurdestan province. The same has been convert...

Salar Saeed Museum.Sanandj.Iran

C: Hangabad River

摄影师Hemn sokhanvar, 距离此全景133.6

Hangabad Mountain. Hangabad a village in Piranshahr Photo : Hemn Sokhanvar

Hangabad River

D: Hangabad Mountain

摄影师Hemn sokhanvar, 距离此全景134.1

Hangabad Mountain. Hangabad a village in Piranshahr Photo : Hemn Sokhanvar

Hangabad Mountain

E: Last Shop in Bazar

摄影师Aidin Baftechi, 距离此全景140.6

Mahabad Bazar (Baazaar) is an old neighbours of this town and traditionally very small sellers or sho...

Last Shop in Bazar

F: Mahabad Bazar

摄影师Aidin Baftechi, 距离此全景140.7

Mahabad Bazar (Baazaar) is an old neighbours of this town and traditionally very small sellers or sho...

Mahabad Bazar

G: Mahabad Jame'e Mosque

摄影师Aidin Baftechi, 距离此全景140.9

This mosque is the oldest mosque in Mahabad, and have construdted in the middle of 17th century at th...

Mahabad Jame'e Mosque

H: Koya

摄影师Muro Graphic, 距离此全景145.3

Koya

I: Khorenj Legendary Stone 01

摄影师Hemn sokhanvar, 距离此全景151.0

Khorenj legendary stone. khorenj is a village in Piranshahr in Iran. Photo : Hemn Sokhanvar

Khorenj Legendary Stone 01

J: Kerkük Irak

摄影师Hussein AVCI, 距离此全景156.1

Kerkük Irak

此全景拍摄于Iran

这是一个概述Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.

It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.

There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.

Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.

The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.

The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.

In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.

Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."

In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.

Text by Steve Smith.

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