Life began in the oceans An amazing diversity of invertebrates live in the oceans surrounding us. If we walk along the seashore at low tide, we are aware of a large diversity of strange animals. We see crustaceans like amphipods, cirripeds and decapods. We are also likely to see a number of different bivalves, jellyfish and other creatures. They are all living natural histories, telling the story of how life evolved in the oceans before any living creatures inhabited the land. The aquariums in the exhibition all have an ongoing exchange of seawater. This means that the same particles that are in the seawater are also in the aquariums. This makes the conditions for life much better for the invertebrates.
Fish species on the Faroe Plateau 235 different fish species are registered inhabitants of the Faroe plateau. We are happy to show you as many of these species as possible. The common ones are of course our main priority, but we are also excited to show you some of the rarer species. Some species are very important to the faroese economy, because they are exploited by the fishing indystry on the Faroe Islands. Some species are more interesting to look at aestethically than others, and we hope to show you fish with an interesting behaviour as well as an interesting natural history.
Føroya Sjósavn, Rættargøta 1, FO 160 Argir. +298 505120
Location and size Situated in the heart of the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic at 62°00’N, the Faroe Islands lie northwest of Scotland and halfway between Iceland and Norway. The archipelago is composed of 18 islands covering 1399 km2 (545.3 sq.miles) and is 113 km (70 miles) long and 75 km (47 miles) wide, roughly in the shape of an arrowhead. There are 1100 km (687 miles) of coastline and at no time is one more than 5 km (3 miles) away from the ocean. The highest mountain is 882 m (2883 ft) above sea level and the average height above sea level for the country is 300 m (982 ft). Climate The weather is maritime and quite changeable, from moments of brilliant sunshine to misty hill fog, to showers. The Gulf Stream encircling the islands tempers the climate. The harbours never freeze and the temperature in winter time is very moderate considering the high latitude. Snowfall occurs, but is shortlived. The average temperature ranges from 3°C in winter to 11°C in the summer. In sheltered areas, the temperature can be much higher, but the air is always fresh and clean no matter what the season. Population The population is 48.520 (1st April 2008). About 19,400 people live in the metropolitan area which comprises Tórshavn, Kirkjubøur, Velbastaður, Nólsoy, Hestur, Koltur, Hoyvík, Argir, Kaldbak, Kaldbaksbotnur, Norðradalur, Syðradalur, Hvítanes, Sund, Kollafjørður, Signabøur and Oyrareingir, while about 4,700 people live in Klaksvík, the second largest town in the Faroe Islands. Form of Government Since 1948, the Faroe Islands have been a self governing region of the Kingdom of Denmark. It has its own parliament and its own flag. It is not, however, a member of the European Union and all trade is governed by special treaties. Languages Spoken Faroese is the national language and is rooted in Old Norse. Nordic languages are readily understood by most Faroese, and English is also widely spoken, especially among the younger people. Religion Religion plays an important part in Faroese culture and over 80% of the population belong to the established church, the EvangelicalLutheran. 10% of the population belong to the Christian Brethren (Plymouth Brethren). Industry The fishing industry is the most important source of income for the Faroes. Fish products account for over 97% of the export volume. Tourism is the second largest industry, followed by woollen and other manufactured products.