Marvão, a city cut by two narrow streets of organic orientation, demarcated by a rule of white houses, is surrounded by a belt of 16th century walls, at more than 850 meters above sea level
Marvão owes his name to Ibn Marwan, a figure of peninsular Islam who, during the final years of the 9th century, here was fortified in discord with the caliph. It is precisely from this period that the first reference to the town dates, which appears in the chronicle of al-Rázi, written as early as the 10th century but which preserves plots dedicated to the times immediately preceding it. There it is mentioned that Monte is known as Amaia de Ibn Maruán, as opposed to another Amaia, that of ruins (SIDARUS, 1991, p.13), which must be the Roman city with the same name, located at the foot of the mount. This reference, which seems to correspond to the years 876-877, allows us to conclude that, at that time, Marvão was a village of military relevance, since, on other occasions, Ibn Marwan threatened to withdraw to Monte, in a statement of military revolt against Cordoba
Extremadura (Estremaura in Extremadura and the fala). It is a Spanish autonomous community located in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It is composed of the two largest provinces in Spain: Cáceres yBadajoz. Extremadura bounded on the north by the provinces of Salamanca, Ávila (Castilla y León), south conHuelva, Sevilla and Cordoba (Andalusia), on the east, with Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castilla-La Mancha) and west conPortugal. Its capital is Mérida (Augusta Emerita old), the city recognized by the Statute of Autonomy as the seat of the Government of Extremadura.