فرگشت، اتفاقی به اختیار نیست. رخدادی نامتجانس است که به جهش زیستی و تحول اجتماعی می انجامد. اختلالی که ممکن است به یک اتفاق متحول کننده و یا گسستی ویرانگر منجر شود. فرگشت در تعریفی متداول، جهشی است ژنتیکی که با جابه-جایی نسل ها، موجبِ تکامل زیستی و اندامی می گردد. این نوع دگرگونی ها که در صفاتِ ساختاری و رفتاری تغییر ایجاد می کنند، زیرساخت های اجتماعی را نیز در حوزه های مختلف متحول می سازند.
از آنجا که کلیتِ جهان هستی خارج از دو منظرِ انسان و محیطِ پیرامونِ انسان نیست، ارجاعِ چنین مفهومی به ابعادِ ذهنی و سپس عینی با خوانشی شخصی از سویِ هنرمند قابلِ پذیرش است. اما تجسم و به نمایش گذاردنِ چنین واقعه ای بیش از آنکه غیرممکن باشد، امری بیهوده و پیچیده به نظر می رسد. چرا که این مفهوم گسترده تر از آن است که به نظر می آید. اما در روندِ شکل گیری فرآورده ی نهایی و پدیده هایِ حاصل از واقعه، رخداد یا اتفاق، با در نظر گرفتنِ آن در پسِ ذهن، که خود به خود تمامیِ رویدادها و رویکردهای فردی و اجتماعیِ جهانِ گذشته، حال و آینده را شامل می شوند ملموس تر خواهد بود.
برگردانِ چنین تعریفی به زبانِ تجسمی و در قالبی که بتوان آن را به نمایش عمومی گذارد، مسلماً دشوار می نماید، اما امری ناشدنی نیست. شاید فرآورده ی نهاییِ هنرمند به تنهایی بتواند فرگشتی باشد یا مؤثر در آن با تعبیر و تفسیری دیگر.
امین شاهد – تابستان 96
Evolution is not an option, but rather a non-heterogeneous event that leads to biological mutation and social upheavals. A disorder that might result in a transition or a devastating disassociation. Evolution, in its common definition, is a (genetics) mutation, resulting in displacement of generations, and biological and physiological evolution. Such transformations, which create changes in the structure and behaviors’ characteristics, would consequently alter the social infrastructures in different areas.
Because the general concept of universe is not outside the human perspective or the human environment, referring such concept to the subjective and/or objective aspects would only be acceptable through the artists’ point of view. Still, imagining and exhibiting such event seems to be fruitless and complicated, rather than impossible. For, this concept is far greater than it actually looks. In the process of creating the final production and the resulted phenomena, the event or happening seems to be more practical regarding such event at the back of the mind, which in turn, includes all individual and social events and approaches of the past, present and future.
Practicing such definition in a visual language that could be displayed in public would of course be a hardship, but is not impossible. The final product, might be an evolution by itself, or in other words, influential for the evolution.
Mohammad Ali Famori
Majid Kourang Behashti
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.