طبیعت نقطهی آغاز و پایان هر نقاش است. از زِهدان آن بیرون میآید و در سفری طولانی باز در دامن اسرارآمیزش آرام میگیرد. شاید همهی رمز و راز هنر نیز همینجاست: تکرار طبیعت همچون خود آن.
مجموعهی «بیستون» آشکارا بازگشت جواد مدرسی به طبیعت است. منظورم از طبیعت در اینجا دقیقاً خود طبیعت است؛ بیهیچ بار معنایی اضافی. برخلاف مجموعهی قبل (جنگل سیاه)، که آمیخته به آزمونهای بصری، ارجاعات مبهم و دلمشغولیهای روشنفکرانه بود، اینجا کوه پیش از هر چیز کوه است، با همان اعجاب و هراس و میل آدمی به این پدیدهی غریب طبیعی.
مدرسی از پسِ گذر از معماری و شهر، امروز به کوه بیستون رسیده است؛ شهریترین و معمارانهترین کوه ایران، لمیده بر دشتی به بلندای تاریخ و با نقشهای انسانی بر تن و جوهری افسانهای بر دلاش. اینگونه است که در این مجموعه پیشینهی هندسی معماری و شهر از یک سو و بینظمی طبیعت از سوی دیگر، به هم رسیدهاند و مسایل رنگ و سطح نیز به هماهنگی بیشتر.
اکنون، بازگشت او از سازههای قرون وسطایی «خوَرنق» و انتزاع «جنگل سیاه» (که جاهطلبی و میل همآمیزی تاریخ و تصویر در بیانی روشنفکرانه در آن دیده میشد)، به نقاشی یک کوه، شاید عقب نشینی باشد، اما به باور من این عقب رفتن ضرورتی اجتناب ناپذیر بود که مدرسی آن را آگاهانه و حتا شجاعانه انتخاب کرده است (برای ایجاد منظری وسیعتر و دورخیزی برای بالاتر پریدن؟). هر چه هست، این مجموعه میتواند آغاز راهی بزرگ باشد. اینکه او از این نقطه چگونه گامهای بعدی را برمیدارد بر ما و احتمالاً خودش هم روشن نیست، اما حالا دستکم این مشخص شده که او بر طبیعتی عظیمتر و سختتر تکیه داده است.
To any painter, nature is the starting and ending point. S/he is born from its womb and rests in piece in its enigmatic arms after a long journey. And this might also be the secret and mystery of art: repeating nature the way nature repeats itself.
The Bisotun series is clearly Javad Modaresi’s return to nature. What I mean by nature here is nature in its essence without any additional connotations. Unlike his former series, the Black Forest for instance, which was full of visual experimentations, vague references and intellectual concerns, here mountain is mountain over and above anything else, with all its inexplicableness and fearfulness, attracting humans as an odd natural phenomenon.
After working on cities and architecture, Modaresi has now touched the Bisotun Mount: The most urban and architectural mountain of Iran, resting in a meadow as old as history, wearing human motifs and holding lots of legends in its heart. This is how architectural and urban geometric backgrounds on the one hand, and nature’s disorder on the other, have collided and color and texture, too, become more harmonious.
Now in his latest body of work, his shift from the middle-ages’ structures in Khawarnaq series and the abstraction in the Black Forest series (in which over-ambition and the will to mingle history and imagery through an intellectual expression were seen) to painting a mountain might appear a step-back but in my opinion this was an inevitable necessity Modaresi chose deliberately and courageously. Whatever it is, this series could be an ambush for starting a grand path. His further steps from now on are neither clear to us nor to him, probably, but at least it is clear that he is leaning against a grander and more sophisticated nature.
Mohammad Mehdi Chitsazha
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.