بابک روشنی نژاد: ... به گمانم، جایی که هنر در پی دلالت گری است، از کارکرد هنرمندانه تا حدی دور می شود. قلمرو کار خلاق هنری جایی در میان دلالت گری و تخطی از دلالت است. یا به عبارتی چیزی بین معناسازی و معنازدایی، و دیالکتیک بین این دو... برای من عمل نقاشی کردن بر هر چیز دیگری اولویت و نسبت به ساخت صِرف یک تصویر برتری دارد.
مریم مجد: با اشاره به حرف هایی که پیشتر زدی، وقتی شیئی را در کارهایت بزرگ می-کنی آن ها را از بستر خود جدا کرده ودر بستری نو می گذاری و در واقع بر بار معنایی آن ها تأکید می کنی. با چنین تأکیدی، برای مخاطب در واقع مفهوم پشت آن شیء را برجسته می کنی.
بابک روشنی نژاد: درست است و بدین ترتیب آن موضوع ابعادی کنایی و استعاری به خود می گیرد و تبدیل به چیز دیگری می شود. مثلا ضرب آهنگ قلم یا مواردی از این قبیل همه وجهی استتیک دارند. برای من، جنبه ی استعاری آن بسیار مهم است. در حقیقت من دارم موضوع را به هیجان ضربه های کاردک تشبیه می کنم. آن جنبه ی استعاری وقتی به وجود می آید که این تشبیه ساخته شده باشد. اگر من این ها را بدون تاکید بر این شکل از فن-شناسی انجام داده بودم آن وقت آن تنها یک روزنامه ی شرق بود. در واقع ضرب آهنگ آن حرکت کاردک و جرم رنگ، ضخامت رنگ، احساسی که رنگ به وجود می آورد، خود جسمانیت رنگ، همه و همه استعاره هایی تجسمی اند... در واقع با دو بعدی کردن فضا، دست کم در تعدادی از کارها، با کشیدن آن پس زمینه ی تخت، بیش از شیء بزرگ نمایی شده نقاشی کردن را نشان می دهیم.
بخشی ازگفت وگوی مریم مجد با بابک روشنی نژاد 1391
Babak Roshaninejad: … I assume when art attempts to signify, it starts to move away somehow from the artistic function it is supposed to serve. A creative work of art stands somewhere between signification and insignificance. Or in other words, it lies somewhere between signification and inarticulacy and the dialectic between the two … To me, the practice of painting is most important and it matters more than just creating an image.
Given what you said before, by oversizing objects in your work, you are in fact taking them out of their original context and putting them in new ones, and emphasizing their meaning. With that emphasis for your audience in effect you are highlighting the meaning that lies behind that object.
That is correct and by doing so, that work finds ironic and metaphoric dimensions and becomes something different. For example, the rhythm of the paintbrush or other technical practices, they all have an aesthetic aspect. But for me, the metaphorical aspect is also very important. In fact, I am likening the subject to the excitement of the strokes I make with my palette knife. That metaphorical aspect is created only when this comparison has been formed. Had I made these without an emphasis on this kind of technique, it would have just been a Sharq newspaper. In fact, the rhythm of the palette knife and the thickness and the body of the paint, the feeling the paint creates, and the solid quality of the paint are all visual metaphors … in fact, by creating a two-dimensional space, at least in some of the works, by painting those flat backgrounds, more than the exaggerated object we show painting as a physical and conceptual process.
Part of the conversation between Maryam Majd & Babak Roshaninjead
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.