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Chengdu - Dujiangyan scenic -74 - the house of the Virgin Yuanjun
Chengdu

都江堰(Dujiang yàn),位于四川省都江堰市城西,是中国古代建设并使用至今的大型水利工程,被誉为“世界水利文化的鼻祖”,是四川著名的旅游胜地。通常认为,都江堰水 利工程是由秦国蜀郡太守李冰及其子率众于前256年左右修建的,是全世界迄今为止,年代最久、唯一留存、以无坝引水为特征的宏大水利工程,属全国重点文物 保护单位。

李冰父子邀集了许多有治水经验的农民,对地形和水情作了实地勘察,决心凿穿玉垒山引水。由于当时还未发明火药,李冰便以火烧石,使岩石爆裂,终于在 玉垒山凿出了一个宽20公尺,高40公尺,长80公尺的山口。因其形状酷似瓶口,故取名“宝瓶口”,把开凿玉垒山分离的石堆叫“离堆”。

之所以要修宝瓶口,是因为只有打通玉垒山,使岷江水能够畅通流向东边,才可以减少西边的江水的流量,使西边的江水不再泛滥,同时也能解除东边地区的干旱,使滔滔江水流入旱区,灌溉那里的良田。这是治水患的关键环节,也是都江堰工程的第一步。

Copyright: Jacky Cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10776x5388
Taken: 31/03/2012
Uploaded: 24/01/2013
Updated: 04/04/2015
Views:

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Tags: chengdu; dujiangyan; scenic
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More About Sichuan Province

Sichuan Province, the "River"or "Shu", the provincial capital of Chengdu, located in southwest China, the Yangtze River, in longitude 97 ° 21 '~ 108 ° 31', latitude 26 ° 03 '~ 34 ° 19' between. To benefits, benefit, Azusa, Kui four named, the province of the total area of 48.5 square kilometers. Brief plateau phase the west, east of the Three Gorges Xianfeng overlap, north of Qinling Bashan barriers surround the south Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the formation of a famous Sichuan Basin. Sichuan Province, vast land and has a long history since ancient times to enjoy the "Land of Abundance"reputation.