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Dome of the Rock 005L - Dome of the Chain - Old City, Jerusalem
Middle East

The Dome of the Chain is located to the east of the Dome of the Rock and marks the exact centre of Masjid al-Aqsa.


The Dome of the Chain was built by the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan in 691 CE. It is also known as Qubbat al-Silsillah.

It is one of the oldest structures in the Masjid al-Aqsa compound. It’s exact purpose isn’t clear, some have suggested it was used as a treasury or as prototype for the Dome of the Rock.

When the Crusaders invaded in 1099 CE, they transformed the building into a chapel dedicated to St. James. It was returned back to the Muslims when Salahuddin Ayyubi liberated Jerusalem in 1187 CE.

The Dome of the Chain was renovated by the Mamluk sultan Baybars. In 1561 CE, under the Ottoman sultan Sulayman the Magnificent, the tiles of the mihrab were glazed and later in 1760 CE, more tile work was done.

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Copyright: Zoran Strajin
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 11970x5985
Taken: 20/07/2017
Uploaded: 06/05/2018
Updated: 07/05/2018
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Tags: dome of the rock; dome of the chain; jerusalem; old; city; old city; israel; islam; temple
More About Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.


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