Panorama under the umbrella of wide branches of a large gum tree. Eucalypt trees, commonly known as gum tree play a dominant role in the Australian flora. The trees disperse fine drops of eucalypt oil into the atmosphere that not only causes the nice perfume around gum trees but also increase the risk of fire to which these plants have adapted so well.
Limb hollows and broken branches provide nesting for cockatoos and parrots. River red gums grow along waterways and have heavy, hard, red coloured wood. While these trees are stunning in appearance they are known to drop large limbs without warning especially when under stress caused by high winds, extreme temperatures, drought, fire or flood.
Victoria is Australia's second smallest State and covers only 3% of Australia's land area but has the second highest population of all States and Territories. Victoria's mainland and islands have a total length of 2,512 kilometres coastline which is about 4.2% of Australia's 59,736 kilometres of coastline. Australia is the driest inhabited continent and Victoria is no exception although the state capital Melbourne has the reputation to have 4 seasons in one day. Victoria is located in the southeast of mainland Australia and includes the most southern point on mainland Australia at Wilsons Promontory National Park.