Chkalov staircase located on the Volga River near the center of goroda.Takoe name is due to the fact that on top of it is a memorial to military pilot Valery Chkalov. Staircase has 560 steps. The idea to build a ladder first occurred Shulpina Alexander, who served as deputy chairman of the executive committee. War prevented implement a plan for the construction of stairs. Shulpin but not abandoned the idea. In 1943, having gone on a trip to Moscow, he took the project on the Volga slope stairs, which were the architects Mintz, Yakovlev and Rudnev, for approval. Nobody knows how Shulpin Alexander was able to get approval for the allocation of funds for the construction of the stairs on the Volga slope. In 1943, in honor of the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad was laid down stairs. In 1949, construction was completed on the stairs. Stairs going down two huge rings and connected the waterfront and uptown. Chkalov staircase was one of the most expensive projects in the Soviet Union. Required for the construction of 7.76 million rubles. Shulpina accused of wasteful spending of folk remedies. From the mayor Alexander suspended, expelled from the party and arrested. Only after Stalin's death Alexander Shulpina released and restored. http://www.101hotels.ru/main/cities/Nizhniy_Novgorod/points/architectural_monument/chkalovskaya_lestnica
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.