Pochozersky temple complex XVIII - XIX centuries. Filippovskaya village. On a hill ensemble - the "troika" consisting of two churches and a bell tower - one of the five remaining in the Russian North and one of three in the Arkhangelsk region - as if gathering around the lake and along the sides of the road scattered villages.
The Kenozero National Park is a prototype ecosystem that preserves the history and culture of the Russian North. Well preserved natural complexes, numerous monuments of material and intellectual culture, architecture, monumental painting, icon painting, archaeology, and rich ethnographical material are good illustrations of its purpose. In 2004, the park joined the World network of biosphere protected areas and was officially announced as a world heritage site. The park covers an area of 1396 sq km in the southern part of the Arkhangelsk region close to the Karelian border.
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.