اسطوره نه افسانه، نه داستان و نه خیال صرف، بلکه تلاشی جدی برای دست یافتن به هدف و مقصود آفرینش جهان است.
اسطوره.های آفرینش اهمیتی بسزا دارند. برای رسیدن به روشنی باید " آغاز" را بازگردانید و این جز با بازگویی اسطوره.ی آفرینش و برپایی مراسم آیینی و از زمان فرارفتن میسر نمی.تواند شد. باید به زمان ازلی بازگشت تا زایش و آفرینش از نو بیاغازد و در این باززایی پلیدی و پلشتی از میان برود.
در آن سه هزار سال که اهریمن به مدهوشی افتاده بود، هرمزد آفرینش مینوئی خود را صورت مادی و گیتی بخشید. گوهر نخستین آفرینش هرمزدی روشنی بیکران است که از آن آفرینش را آغاز کرد. نخست آسمان را آفرید، روشن، آشکارا، بسیار پهناور و به شکل تخم مرغی از خماهن.دیگر از گوهر آسمان آب را آفرید برای از میان بردن دیو تشنگی. سدیگر زمین را آفرید. چهارم، گیاه را آفرید، نخست بر میانه.ی این زمین فراز رست چند پا بالا، بی شاخه، بی پوست، بی خار و تر و شیرین که همه گونه نیروی گیاهان را در سرشت داشت. پنجم، گاو یکتا را برای یاری مرد پرهیزگار آفرید و ششم، مرد پرهیزگار را آفرید که کیومرث است.
آفرینش گیاه و انسان و حیوان در این نقاشی ها برای نقاش منعکس کننده ی کارکردهای اسطوره ای آنان، مانند گیاه ازلی و حیوان و انسان مینوی هستند، عناصر و اسطوره هایی که در دنیای ازلی، ابدی خود معلق اند و با اتصال به یکدیگر دنیایی پر از رمز و راز را ساخته اند.
Myth is not a fiction, a story or a mere imagination; rather it is a serious attempt to achieve the purpose and intention of the creation of the world.
Myths of creation are of great significance. To reach the light, the outset must be brought back and this cannot possibly be done without restating the myth of the creation, performing religious and custom ceremonies and moving beyond the time. In order for the procedure of the birth and creation to start anew and accordingly, as a result of that regeneration to eliminate the filths and abominations, returning to the eternity is unavoidable.
In that three thousand years, in which Ahriman (the demon) was senseless and numb, Hoormazd (God), granted His ethereal and heavenly creation a material and physical appearance. The infinite light is the first gem of Hoormazd’s creation, from which He began the creation. First, He created the sky, bright, clear, and hugely immense and in the form of an egg, made from a stone. Then, from the gem of the sky, water was created to destroy the demon of thirst. Third, He created the earth. Forth, He created the plant; in the beginning, across the middle of the earth, it rose several feet up, out of twigs, without bark, without thorns and yet, sweet, which held all the forces of various plants in its nature. Fifth, the unique and inimitable cow was created by Him to aid the virtuous man, and sixth, He created the virtuous man.
The creation of the plant, animal and man in these paintings reflects for the painters their mythical functions, like the eternity of plant, animal and the celestial man; the elements and myths are floating gently in their own everlasting and perpetual worlds and through connecting to one another, they have built a mysterious and enigmatic world.
Maryam Taheri Rad
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.