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جسارت واژهای ست که هم تراز جرأتش (گستاخیش؟!) میدانیم. در حالی که به فراخور بستر فرهنگی-اجتماعی و روانشناختی کاربرد این دو واژه (جسارت/جرأت)، هر کدام از آنها این قابلیت را دارند که بار معنایی و اشارات مثبت یا منفی متفاوتی داشته باشند. مثلاً، میتوان جسارت را حالتی عقلانیتر با بُرد تأثیری بیشتری در نظر گرفت تا جرأت و/یا گستاخی که ممکن است آنی و در پی شرایطی لحظهای اتفاق بیفتد. حتی جسارت ممکن است در برگیرنده مفاهیم عمیقی چون بیان بی کم و کاست هر آن چه که در پس زشتیها پنهانش میکنیم باشد، با در نظرگرفتن همه عواقب ناشی از چنان صداقتی. بنابراین، منطقی خواهد بود اگر راستگویی را شجاعت و دروغ را ناپسند بشماریم و تقبیح کنیم و گمان کنیم که دروغ ما را از شناخت واقعیت باز میدارد.
اما باید بدانیم که ما خود هر روز در لایههایی پنهان میشویم که متعلق به ما نیست و نتیجه تحمیل خواست دیگران بر ماست. لایههای غلیظ آرایش، پوشیدن لباسهایی که معرف طبقهی اجتماعی و فرهنگی ماست، بریدن بخشی از بدنمان که زیباترمان کند. به این حساب استتار هم قسمتی از حقیقت است. دروغ هم در بعضی جهات هیچ از صداقت کم ندارد و در حقیقت بیان واقعیت حال و روز ماست.
در این مجموعه انسانهایی را به تصویر کشیدم که از ورای حجابشان به آنها مینگریم و اکثرا زیبایشان میپنداریم در حالی که قسمت بزرگی از حضورشان در پس نقشها جا مانده است…
To Be, or Not to Be: This Is the Story! (Once Upon a Time?!)
Courage is a word we consider synonymous with boldness (audacity?!). However, each one of these words may have their own negative or positive connotations/denotations in their own sociocultural and psychological milieu. For example, we could consider courage as a more rational ethos with a more lasting impact than brashness which could be the fruit of a momentary reflex. Even courage could include some concepts such as the uncensored enunciation of whatever we hide behind all that is vile. Therefore, it could be reasonable to regard honesty as courage and lies as indecent and despicable, and suppose that lies prevent us from recognizing the truth. Nonetheless, we should know that we conceal ourselves daily among many fake layers in the way the others want us: Thick patina of make-up, clothes that are representative of our sociocultural class and cuts in our body in the name of cosmetic surgeries. So, this diurnal camouflage is a part of the truth. Lies are not lesser than rectitude in most cases and are in fact a manifestation of the reality of our lives.
I portrayed people at whom we look from beyond their veils and hold them as beautiful whereas a large part of their being is left behind their masks…
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.