بحران از کجا آغاز می شود؟ فراموشی، ناامیدی، جستجوی اعتبار فردی، نیاز به عشق و میل به دیگری یا مشقت شناخت خویش؟ نوزاد آدمی از طریق تجربه ی نگریستن در آینه و مرتبط دانستن تصویری که می بیند با بدن و تن خویش برای نخستین بار احساس می کند که من (اگو) وجود دارد، برای خودش هویت قائل میشود، تنی که پیش از این تکه تکه بود به صورت کلیتی یکپارچه، واحد و متحد در چشم اش ظاهر می شود و درست اینجاست که بزرگترین توهم آدمی ساخته میشود. کودک اولین بار در آینه، بدن خودش را منسجم می یابد و بدین ترتیب پایه های «امر نمادین» شکل می گیرد اما واقعیت اصلی این است که هرکدام از ما انسانها یک تن تکه تکه شده باقی خواهیم ماند و ارباب آن هم نخواهیم شد. چرا که «امر واقعی» انباشته از شکاف است، کامل نمیشود. پر از خالی است، درست مثل این آثار تنی تکه تکه است که هیچوقت نمی توان آن را به طور کامل به دست آورد. این آثار بازتاب امر واقعی هستند، حمله میکنند. لطمه میزند دنیای خیالی را برهم میزنند و واقعیت تلخ ناتوانی، واقعیت تلخ ناممکن بودن لذت را به ما نشان می دهند. جهان در این آثار بسامان نیست بلکه سیال و تکه تکه است.
Where does the crisis start? Forgetfulness, hopelessness, the search for personal identity, the need for love and longing for the other or the hardships on the journey to self-awareness? Human baby, through the experience of looking at the mirror and relating the image he sees to his own body and figure, feels that for the very first time “I” (ego) exists, assumes an identity for himself; the body that was previously fragmented, now appears before his eyes as a generalized whole, integrated and unified. And this is exactly the place, in which the greatest delusion of all mankind is created. For the first time, the child finds his body in the mirror coherent and thus, the basis of the symbolic matter is shaped, however, the main reality is that each and every one of us, humans, will always remain a body comprised of pieces and will never be the masters of it, this is because the factual matter is replete with gaps and holes; it cannot be completed. It is filled with emptiness; just like these works, it is a disintegrated body that can never be entirely attained. These works are reflections of the factual matter, they attack. They endamage and disrupt the imaginary world and reveal to us the embittered fact of inability, the acrid actuality of the impossibility of pleasure. The world has no order in these works; rather, it is fluid and fragmented.
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.