The official name of the square is “Karlsplatz”. Since the patron of the square – Elector Charles Theodor – was extremely unpopular, the name Stachus (after an nearby inn) was used by the population. Munich used to be the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Nowadays it is the capital of the “Freistaat Bayern”, part of Germany.
Munich is the capital of the German state of Bavaria and is Germany's third largest city, located on the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps. Black and gold - the colors of the Holy Roman Empire - have been the city's official colors since the time of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.