Stanitsa Starocherkasskaya (Rostov Region, Lower Don, Russia). Until 1805, this place was called the city of Cherkassk and had the status of the capital of the Don Army.
The first mention of Cherkassk - 1569.
The main fortified city in the south of Russia until the end of the 17th century.
In the 17th century, the city of Cherkassk was a powerful fortress with many fortifications. The city was divided into several villages within itself and was very densely built up.
Repeatedly destroyed and burned. The largest fire occurred in 1744, after which the city did not recover.
In 1805, the capital of the Don Army was transferred from Cherkassk to Novocherkassk. And Cherkassk became known as Starocherkassk. At the end of the 19th century, Cherkassk lost the status of a city and was called the "village of Starocherkasskaya".
Now - a modern tourist center, where festivals are regularly held. The stopping place of the cruise ships.
In the center of the village are the Holy Don Starocherkassky Monastery and the Starocherkassk Museum-Reserve
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.