Tintern Abbey was founded in 1131 by Cistercian monks and grew to become the richest in Wales thanks to the patronage of wealthy Marcher lords. The present ruins largely date from rebuilding during the late 13th century. Its riches were confiscated in 1536 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
It later had a resurgence as a 'romantic ruin' tourist attraction due to its picturesque location and from featuring in works by Wordsworth and Turner.
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor. The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000. Wales itself has a population of around 3 million. The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.