maria neumann

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HUMANISTIC (PHENOMENOLOGICAL) PARADIGM. The humanistic paradigm began to emerge much earlier than the technocratic and behaviorist paradigms. Services like and it puts the The humanistic paradigm emphasizes student development, intellectual needs, and interpersonal relationships. Its core is a humanistic approach to the student, assistance in his personal growth, though attention is also paid to his or her preparation for life, adaptation, etc. Thus, the development and self-development, self-realization, creativity of a pupil it all doesn't matter if he or she can't buy an ese at and vitality, subjectivity - that's what's at the heart of of this educational model, not subjectttoosubject relations. (as in other models). It is a collaborative partnership. The category of the student's development. What is development? A change in the qualitative state, the emergence of new abilities. In education we should primarily talk about intellectual development. Development is the transition of students to a higher level activity and independence in solving tasks. According to the famous psychologist J.S. Vygotsky, development is determined by the measure of help that should be given to the child in his or her education. According to L.S. Vygotsky: The zone of actual development is those knowledge, skills and abilities which the person has mastered and can use independently; the zone of the nearest development - those knowledge, abilities and skills, which a person can use only with the help of an adult (senior). A distinction is made between development: - General (universal abilities, including physical abilities); - special (associated with abilities, giftedness); - cultural (we again refer to culture). The highest level of development is self-development. The main way of structuring knowledge is the use in the educational process and cultural approach to education. It is based on integrating academic disciplines, creating an integral image of an epoch, culture, on understanding the correlation between culture and civilization, understanding each field of knowledge in the formation of culture, etc. There is a lack of psychologists, sociologists, elementary school teachers We don't have enough psychologists, sociologists, elementary school teachers and other specialists. So. we have not yet begun to humanize education. At the International Human Rights Seminar in Azov in In November 1993 there was a discussion about teaching a course on and Society" in schools. Professors from Italy and England said that this subject should be introduced at all schools and universities in order to implement the 3rd paradigm. This subject should be studied continuously: - elementary schools - conversations about human rights; - teenagers - teaching Citizenship Education; RELATED RESOURCES: Why are there drug addictions in U.S. schools How to Identify the Most Capable Students What is the technocratic paradigm Why there is a need for the formation and detailing of learning objectives. How many students do you think are actually learning the content of learning?

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