After the 4th km of Anamur-Gazipaşa highway in Anamur District, Mersin, we reach the antique city using the 2-km road on the seaside. It is located on the eastern slopes of the Cape of Anamur. It is one of the best-preserved antique cities of Cilicia Trachea. The land gradually elevates starting from the port, and the fortification walls surround the city in a semi-circular form.
It is not known when exactly the first settlement was founded in Anemurium. As the name of the city was mentioned in a port list, we can infer that the city existed in the 4th century BC. Zigzagging walls surround the antique city, and the settlement within the citadel is divided into two by a wall reaching down the sea. It was an important city of trade where the natural sources of the region were exported.
Anemurium was captured by Isaurians in the 5th century. The city attained great prosperity during the reign of Zenon of Isaura, and this welfare lasted well into the 6th century.
There are the remains of two small public baths along with several churches from this period. Anemurium suffered from the Arab attacks during the 7th century, and the city was completely abandoned after this century.
Significant remains in the antique city include the fortification walls, a theatre, an Odeon, a Gymnasion, public baths, necropolis area and aqueducts.