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St Hilarion Castle, Stairs, Kyrenia, Cyprus

St Hilarion Castle is named after a hermit and monk who escaped from persecution in Palestine, and lived on the mountain where the castle stands today. The saint resisted the cries of tempting demons who stalked the mountain in the 7th century AD with ease – because he was stone deaf and couldn’t hear them. Eventually the demons left him, and the mountain, in peace.

St Hilarion, the Crusader Castle
By the 10th century, a Byzantine chapel and monastery has been added to the site of the saint’s tomb, joined by a fort in the 12th century. Richard the Lionheart captured the castle on his way to the Third Crusade, and the later Lusignan kings fortified it further. St Hilarion is one of three Crusader castles along the Northern Cyprus coastline, and together with the castles at Buffavento and Kantara, defended the island from pirates and various invaders.

The Dieu d’Amour – fit for a king!
The kings also enjoyed staying in the castle during the summer months, when the mountain air kept the castle cool and comfortable. The French called it the “Dieu d’Amour”, which some have seen as a reference to the legend of the ancient Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite, who has strong links with Cyprus. More likely it’s a French corruption of the original Byzantine name for the fort, Didymos. The Venetians dismantled large sections of the castle to reduce the cost of upkeep in the 15th century. However, St Hilarion Castle came into its own again during the Cyprus conflicts of the 1960s, when a group of Turkish militia easily held off an attack by the Greek Cypriot National Guard.

St Hilarion Castle and Disney’s Snow White:
With its system of three sets of defensive walls and towers, topped with the redoubt, the castle certainly has a fairy-tale look about it. The writer Rose Macaulay called it ”a picture-book castle for elf-kings” and the rumour still persists that Walt Disney based Snow White’s castle on this North Cyprus original. At the bottom of the complex is the bailey, a courtyard inside the walls containing the stables and barracks. You climb steadily to another gate, which leads into the royal apartments and past the Byzantine church and dining hall. Onwards and upwards, you will discover another set of apartments, another dining hall and more barracks, before finally reaching the tower at the very summit of the twin peaked mountain. From here, the view across to Kyrenia and along the coastline is simply amazing.

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Copyright: Ergec Senturk
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 11750x5875
Taken: 06/06/2009
Загружена: 09/06/2009


Tags: st hilarion castle; hilarion; castle; kyrenia; girne; cyprus; kibris; kktc
More About Kyrenia

Kyrenia (Greek: Κερύνεια, Kerýneia; Turkish: Girne) is a town on the northern coast of Cyprus, noted for its historic harbour and castle.In its heyday Kyrenia harbour was lined with warehouses in which were stored the fruits of the countryside whilst they awaited export. The harbour is currently used largely for pleasure craft, and the buildings are now mostly all restaurants, with outdoor tables along the water. The harbour is particularly busy during the summer season, which is when it is greeted with mass loads of tourists. Daily boat tours of Kyrenia and Karpaz take off from this ancient harbour. A larger harbour is located a few miles east of the town centre, used by commercial shipping and ferries from the Turkish mainland. Despite the unrecognized state of the TRNC, it is known that Cruise liners carrying tourists often stop at Kyrenia before making their way onto different Destinations, such as Egypt. This has been said to be the collapse of the decades long embargo that the TRNC has been under.

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